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Are U.S. politicians assumed to be Christians(no matter which sect)? Is it possible for an atheist or Muslim believer to become US president? Are there any legal obstacles?

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Sure, we have one right now. All kidding aside, no there isn't anything preventing an atheist or Muslim from becoming a politician – user1873 May 29 '14 at 13:55
@user1873: Obama isn't a Muslim. He worships himself ;) – dan04 May 30 '14 at 1:22
Related: Wikipedia about use of Bibles during oath: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/… – nic May 30 '14 at 5:13
up vote 9 down vote accepted

There is no law in the US that says that holders of any office need to be of any particular religion, in fact, any such law would be unconstitutional.

Being an Atheist of Muslim might fewer people vote for you, but if you do get enough votes, there is no law that says that you can't hold office due to religion.

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Not entirely true, at least not in Texas: skeptics.stackexchange.com/questions/15686/… – Michael Borgwardt May 29 '14 at 16:08
@MichaelBorgwardt that should be an answer! – blip May 29 '14 at 16:18
@MichaelBorgwardt I don't know, but the answers posted on the question you linked seem to indicate that atheists are not actually barred from public office in texas – Sam I am May 29 '14 at 16:24

Article Six of the US Constitution prohibits the federal government from rejecting a duly selected politician from being installed into the seat for which he was elected, on the basis of religion (or lack thereof).

But it does not prevent localities from setting rules of their choice for becoming a candidate in the first place, which is obviously a pre-requisite for being selected. (Note that in practice these offices are now filled by election, but this wasn't historically the case.)

In most cases those rules consist of requirements on age, residency, and a criminal record clean of felonies. In addition, being listed on the ballot, which is a de facto if not de jure prerequisite to election, collecting a certain number of signatures. But there surely are weirder requirements in some jurisdictions.

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Are there any federal offices for which the rules of becoming a candidate include restrictions or requirements on religion? E.g. a congressional district or something. – KRyan May 29 '14 at 17:20
@KRyan: I don't believe that there are today. But there were, and continued to be, official state religions, at the time the Constitution and Bill of Rights were enacted, and state legislatures certainly were not appointing non-Christians to represent them in the federal Senate, so anyone who claims that religious tests are constitutionally forbidden is ignorant of the original intent. (Naturally later amendments are a different story, but even the Fourteenth simply guarantees that states cannot interfere with the right not to have religion impeded by Congress) – Ben Voigt May 29 '14 at 17:24
@BenVoigt - I would argue that Deists aren't really Christians. In which case you're wrong about original intent – user4012 May 29 '14 at 19:24
@DVK: That perhaps illustrates the difficulty men find in testing other mens' beliefs. Washington was active in a Christian church, enough so to meet religious requirements for holding office in colonial America – Ben Voigt May 29 '14 at 20:24
@DVK: Besides, I'm not sure how you get from a claim that Washington was a Deist, to arguing that he wanted to prohibit other communities from setting their own standards. – Ben Voigt May 29 '14 at 20:29

In theory it is possible, there are no legal obstacles (at least not for the USA as a whole).

In practice, at least right now, it is completely impossible for an atheist to be elected president, given that about 25% of Americans think that "Only politicians who believe in God are suitable for public office", about 50% find atheism "threatening", and (admittedly some time ago) elected as president someone who publically stated that he doesn't consider atheists citizens.

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Well, impossible for a publically avowed atheist, anyway. – Ben Voigt May 29 '14 at 16:29
@BenVoigt Religion will come up in any presidential race, and those for most lower positions as well, so short of lying, an atheist really has no chance even to get through the election without that fact coming out. – Kevin May 29 '14 at 17:33
@Kevin: There are multiple politicians who publicly claim to be Roman Catholic, despite having done things that cause automatic expulsion from that church. So "lying" about religion seems to not be uncommon. – Ben Voigt May 29 '14 at 20:27
Wow, and we think we have too much influence from the Church in Italy... those links are crazy, looks like USA citizens have fucking serious state/religion separation problems. – Matteo Italia May 29 '14 at 23:51
@MatteoItalia: Most USA citizens have an understanding of "separation of church and state" which is much more in line with the original letter in which the phrase was used, than do the judicial opinions citing it. To wit, that it means for the government to keep its hands out of the church, not for the government to decree that religious people and groups do not have a voice. – Ben Voigt May 30 '14 at 5:43

Yes. As the vast majority of Americans are Christian, it is safe to assume that a given politician is also Christian, in the absence of any claims otherwise.

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Downvotes are because...? – Tiberia Jun 2 '14 at 21:55
I down-voted because I think it's a lousy answer. Not only does it not address the spirit of the question, not only is it essentially a "I don't know" sort of answer, but it's not entirely correct either. There are a number of Jewish politicians in the US, and if you go around assuming that all politicians are Christian, you'll be wrong some of the time. – Sam I am Jun 3 '14 at 16:58

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