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I have a question concerning "water sharing between two countries that share a common river":

  • What is the country water percentage from which the river flows, is the percentage typically higher than the second country?
  • Is there a clear international law that dictates the percentages and legal rights of both countries?

Definition 1 : Gleick (1996) defines basic human needs, regardless of climate, as 50 liters per capita per day for personal use alone (18.25 m3/yr.) and, in earlier work (Gleick 1994) suggests 75 m3/yr. as appropriate minimum levels per capita for the Middle East. Shuval (1992) also argues for a minimum baseline allocation between Israel, West Bank Palestinians, and Jordan, based on a per capita allotment of 100 m3/yr. for domestic and industrial use plus 25 m3/yr. for agriculture. He adds 65% of urban uses for recycled wastewater, and advocates a series of water import schemes and desalination plants to provide the difference between regional supply and future demand.

Definition 2 : Wolf (1993) likewise advocates a needs-based approach, but considers new sources such as recycled wastewater as separate issues. He plans for total urban needs of 100 m3/yr. per person, and extrapolates to the point in the future where all of the basin�s 2,500 MCM/yr. has to be allocated first to these needs, in other words when the regional population reaches 25 million, expected in the early part of the next century.

Taking into account both definitions, I think that the calculation of water allocation should be based on these percentages to have a clear decision on whether the agreement between countries are fair or right.

I have a question concerning "water sharing between two countries that share a common river":

  • What is the country water percentage from which the river flows, is the percentage typically higher than the second country?
  • Is there a clear international law that dictates the percentages and legal rights of both countries?

Definition 1 : Gleick (1996) defines basic human needs, regardless of climate, as 50 liters per capita per day for personal use alone (18.25 m3/yr.) and, in earlier work (Gleick 1994) suggests 75 m3/yr. as appropriate minimum levels per capita for the Middle East. Shuval (1992) also argues for a minimum baseline allocation between Israel, West Bank Palestinians, and Jordan, based on a per capita allotment of 100 m3/yr. for domestic and industrial use plus 25 m3/yr. for agriculture. He adds 65% of urban uses for recycled wastewater, and advocates a series of water import schemes and desalination plants to provide the difference between regional supply and future demand.

Definition 2 : Wolf (1993) likewise advocates a needs-based approach, but considers new sources such as recycled wastewater as separate issues. He plans for total urban needs of 100 m3/yr. per person, and extrapolates to the point in the future where all of the basin�s 2,500 MCM/yr. has to be allocated first to these needs, in other words when the regional population reaches 25 million, expected in the early part of the next century.

Taking into account both definitions, I think that the calculation of water allocation should be based on these percentages to have a clear decision on whether the agreement between countries are fair or right.

I have a question concerning "water sharing between two countries that share a common river":

  • What is the country water percentage from which the river flows, is the percentage typically higher than the second country?
  • Is there a clear international law that dictates the percentages and legal rights of both countries?

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I have a question concerning "water sharing between two countries that share a common river":

  • What is the country water percentage from which the river flows, is the percentage typically higher than the second country?
  • Is there a clear international law that dictates the percentages and legal rights of both countries?

Definition 1 : Gleick (1996) defines basic human needs, regardless of climate, as 50 liters per capita per day for personal use alone (18.25 m3/yr.) and, in earlier work (Gleick 1994) suggests 75 m3/yr. as appropriate minimum levels per capita for the Middle East. Shuval (1992) also argues for a minimum baseline allocation between Israel, West Bank Palestinians, and Jordan, based on a per capita allotment of 100 m3/yr. for domestic and industrial use plus 25 m3/yr. for agriculture. He adds 65% of urban uses for recycled wastewater, and advocates a series of water import schemes and desalination plants to provide the difference between regional supply and future demand.

Definition 2 : Wolf (1993) likewise advocates a needs-based approach, but considers new sources such as recycled wastewater as separate issues. He plans for total urban needs of 100 m3/yr. per person, and extrapolates to the point in the future where all of the basin�s 2,500 MCM/yr. has to be allocated first to these needs, in other words when the regional population reaches 25 million, expected in the early part of the next century.

Taking into account both definitions, I think that the calculation of water allocation should be based on these percentages to have a clear decision on whether the agreement between countries are fair or right.

I have a question concerning "water sharing between two countries that share a common river":

  • What is the country water percentage from which the river flows, is the percentage typically higher than the second country?
  • Is there a clear international law that dictates the percentages and legal rights of both countries?

I have a question concerning "water sharing between two countries that share a common river":

  • What is the country water percentage from which the river flows, is the percentage typically higher than the second country?
  • Is there a clear international law that dictates the percentages and legal rights of both countries?

Definition 1 : Gleick (1996) defines basic human needs, regardless of climate, as 50 liters per capita per day for personal use alone (18.25 m3/yr.) and, in earlier work (Gleick 1994) suggests 75 m3/yr. as appropriate minimum levels per capita for the Middle East. Shuval (1992) also argues for a minimum baseline allocation between Israel, West Bank Palestinians, and Jordan, based on a per capita allotment of 100 m3/yr. for domestic and industrial use plus 25 m3/yr. for agriculture. He adds 65% of urban uses for recycled wastewater, and advocates a series of water import schemes and desalination plants to provide the difference between regional supply and future demand.

Definition 2 : Wolf (1993) likewise advocates a needs-based approach, but considers new sources such as recycled wastewater as separate issues. He plans for total urban needs of 100 m3/yr. per person, and extrapolates to the point in the future where all of the basin�s 2,500 MCM/yr. has to be allocated first to these needs, in other words when the regional population reaches 25 million, expected in the early part of the next century.

Taking into account both definitions, I think that the calculation of water allocation should be based on these percentages to have a clear decision on whether the agreement between countries are fair or right.

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I have a question concerning "water sharing between two countries that share a common river":

  • What is the country water percentage from which the river flows, is the percentage typically higher than the second country?
  • Is there a clear international law that dictates the percentages and legal rights of both countries?

Thank you.

 

I have a question concerning "water sharing between two countries that share a common river":

  • What is the country water percentage from which the river flows, is the percentage typically higher than the second country?
  • Is there a clear international law that dictates the percentages and legal rights of both countries?

Thank you.

I have a question concerning "water sharing between two countries that share a common river":

  • What is the country water percentage from which the river flows, is the percentage typically higher than the second country?
  • Is there a clear international law that dictates the percentages and legal rights of both countries?
 
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