For example, while California (population: 39,144,818) has two senators to represent them, Wyoming (population: 586,107) also has two senators to represent them. The population of California is more than 66 times the population of Wyoming, but California and Wyoming still have equal representation in the Senate.

The Senate has a great amount of power when it comes to passing legislations and approving Supreme Court nominees. Though, a Wyomingite's vote counts significantly more than a Californian's vote.

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    It's not a defect, it's a feature. – user1530 Apr 30 '16 at 18:35

Because it was a compromise struck at the Constitutional Convention between the large colonies like Virginia and New York, and the smaller colonies like Connecticut and Rhode Island that all states would get an equal say in the Senate to prevent the large states from forcing their policies on the Smaller states.

It was known as the Connecticut Compromise. This was done because the states have rights too, and each state will have an equal say in matters before the senate.

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    +1 Note that the other side of the compromise was proportional representation in the House. Roughly speaking, the idea was for the House to represent the people and the Senate to represent the states. – Era Apr 29 '16 at 23:05
  • This question should be expanded to include the role of federalism and states right's generally as beneficial to liberty, self-governance and limited government that put important checks on potentially despotic and far away central governments. – user9790 Oct 28 '16 at 12:43
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    @KDog - While I tend to agree that these principles when applied as intended do, they can also be used to oppress as was done throughout the US south in the 50's and 60s. – SoylentGray Oct 28 '16 at 15:26
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    @DeplorableNumber9035768 - The Constitution was groundbreaking. Confederations were already well known in the 18th century; you can pick up histories like Thucydides' and find confederations of city-states easily. – indigochild Oct 28 '16 at 15:46
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    @indigochild - You should create your own answer then. – SoylentGray Oct 28 '16 at 16:20

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