I've heard several Americans, many of which I consider smarter and more intelligent than myself, are getting passports, are learning new languages and claim that they'll leave the United States for a new country after the next election. What are they afraid of? Should I be looking into this myself?
It depends who you're describing. For some elitists it's more talk that action—we went through this with, for example, the election of President George W. Bush. I think there's also an unfortunate attitude of declaring that the country wouldn't be good enough for them, so they'd rather wash their hands of it, or that losing them would harm the country. Maybe it's just a bit of fantasy escape. They might have second thoughts after the election. On the other hand, if one is a member of one the dozen or so groups that Trump and his followers have directly threatened, including Hispanics, Muslims, and women, the fear of discrimination and violence is quite real. Either way, Trump appears to be an extremely divisive figure.