Newspaper reports yesterday said that the Scottish First Minister and leader of the Scottish National Party, Nicola Sturgeon, had lobbied EU members to support Scotland's remain bid.
After Scotland voted 62% to 38% to stay in the EU, she said she planned to begin immediate discussions with the European commission to “protect Scotland’s relationship with the EU and our place in the single market”.
However more recent reports said that the EU had rebuffed this suggestion.
But the First Minister was told that even if Scotland gained its independence it would still have to reapply to be part of the EU again. In a briefing note sent to MEPs by the European Parliamentary Research Service, it confirmed that a member state ‘cannot… remain in the EU if the member state itself withdraws’, according to Mail Online. However, there could be a loophole. It has been suggested Scotland could retain membership through a ‘reverse Greenland option’.This came about after Greenland voted to breakaway from the EU in 1982, even though its residents are Danish and Denmark remains a member.
My question is what exactly is Scotland's position under EU law?
Subsidiary question: what would EU law stipulate about Scotland's currency in these circumstances?
(Note that this question is not quite the same as the earlier question "What will Scotland's status in the EU be, assuming Scots vote for independence?", since that question concerned the situation if Scotland becomes an independent state. This question refers to the current position in which Scotland is part of the UK.)