There is a voting system that I read about that is very similar to Instant-runoff Voting; except that every participating candidate must also rank all other candidates.
This way the voter can still vote for a single candidate but choose to 'defer' to their chosen candidate's alternate choices (in the case that their chosen candidate is not a majority). So from the perspective of a voter accustomed to 'first-past-the-post'; filling out the ballot could be exactly the same while still operating in an IRV system.
The idea is to reduce the burden on the voter to learn about every candidate in order to rank them (when compared with regular IRV).
What is the name of this voting system?