Forgive me if I'm naive of the election workings of other countries, I tried to find a good synopsis of vote schedule\triggers around the world, but had no success.
Here in America, our major national voting is on a standard schedule (4 for the biggest office), and others like Germany (~ 4 yrs) and Australia (~ 3 yrs) seem to match. I looked further into parliamentary systems and saw that general elections have also been triggered by prime ministers, but still took place at regular intervals regardless (~ 5 yrs apart in UK, ~ 4 yrs in Denmark and Japan). With votes for prime ministers being more irregular, being based upon situations when votes of no confidence came up.
I am wondering if any system places the power to call elections into the hands of the constituents themselves, perhaps with some modified form of petition (with more numerous voting offices continually staffed allowing people to easily update their position on holding new elections), which then kicks off an election when a percentage is hit. (obviously with a restriction on how regularly elections may be called). But, also ideally, with a significantly longer period between required elections (more like a decade).
I could imagine such a setup might prevent wasteful elections with insignificant support for change, allow for more direct accountability, potentially foster longer stretches where things really get done, and perhaps diminish posturing for the next election cycle.
On the other hand, it might see many of the same issues that bring term limits to the forefront, perhaps favor corruption, oligarchy, and dictatorship, and increase concerns about access (id requirements, distance and time difficulty of voting sites).
But regardless of the merits or consequences, I would like to know if there are examples of a system of this kind (a primarily popularity triggered election system) being utilized in modern times? Or if not, whether there have been movements for such (and does it perhaps have a more concise term!)?
(Recall elections seem the closest I've found, but appears they're typically reserved for special circumstances, rather than fundamental to design)