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  • Who revealed first that Hillary Clinton has used her family's private email server for official communication?
  • What was Clinton's first reaction? Did she admit the fact immediately? Did she deny it?
  • Is it (using private email server for official communication) considered illegal in the US?
  • I think it would be better if you could include your own research. What have you found on the internet and what don't you understand? – Rathony Sep 2 '16 at 10:01
  • Related to the third bullet of your question: politics.stackexchange.com/a/11076/6738 – Drunk Cynic Sep 2 '16 at 15:31
  • Was it really 'discovered' that she was using her own email? Wasn't she using her own domain from day 1? – user1530 Sep 2 '16 at 17:36
  • Why were all the vote counts reset? – Wes Sayeed Sep 2 '16 at 18:39
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Who first revealed that Hillary Clinton has used her family's private email server for official communications?

Hillary Clinton's private email server was discovered through the official investigation into the 2012 attack on the US embassy in Benghazi, Libya which resulted in the deaths of 4 Americans, including the US ambassador to Libya.

What was first reaction of Clinton? Did she accepted the fact immediately? Did she deny it?

Secretary Clinton admitted that she used a private email server (which is not illegal for personal use), but denied that she ever used it for official State Department business. She also stated that she did not communicate classified information with it. Both of these statements were later shown to be false.

Is it (using private email server for official communications) considered illegal in US?

Yes. The State Department in particular handles diplomatic relations with foreign countries and therefore deals with both classified and highly sensitive and information. All Federal agencies have policies regarding the appropriate channels for official communication for the purposes of security and oversight. There are also additional, strict laws USC 18, Section 793 that govern the appropriate handling of national defense information, making the disclosure of that information to unauthorized people or in an unauthorized way a Federal crime.

During his testimony to Congress, FBI director James Comey stated that secretary Clinton was found to have violated these laws, calling her actions "extremely careless". Despite this, however, the FBI has declined to bring formal charges against her because they couldn't find "specific intent" to mishandle the information. This is controversial because subsection(f) makes it a crime to exhibit gross negligence in handling classified information — regardless of intent. It states that anyone who, "(1) through gross negligence permits [information regarding national defense] to be removed from its proper place of custody ... or (2) having knowledge that the same has been illegally removed ... and fails to make prompt report of such loss"


Thanks to @DrunkCynic for the citation of the law violated.

  • Comments are not for extended discussion; this conversation has been moved to chat. – Philipp Sep 2 '16 at 18:23
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    @Philipp I think some of the points on the accuracy of the above question were requests for revision and not discussion. It seems valid to point out that the answer above, in stating "yes" using private servers to official communications is considered guilt, is making both a factual error (it does not distinguish b/w classified communication or otherwise) and a misleading one: Clinton was not charged with any crime, so "guilt" in this case is a very subjective statement. – rougon Sep 2 '16 at 18:44
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    She also said she only used 1 device but James Comey later in a Congressional testimony stated that she connected to her private server on multiple devices – Dylan Czenski Sep 2 '16 at 19:07
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    One item missing from #3 was that emails were deleted from private server in violation of FOIA rules/laws (and, as was discovered during Watergate, it's not the rule breaking that gets you, it's the cover-up, in American politics). – user4012 Nov 25 '16 at 18:58
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    Any reference to the reactions of Clinton and those around her was the immediate destruction of the emails under subpoena – K Dog Nov 25 '16 at 19:12

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