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The US Navy has a number of ships near Iran and seems to be "interacting" with the Iranian Navy on a regular basis. Reports typically describe scenarios in which a larger US ship is "swarmed" by Iranian fast attack craft. The latest report I read involving the USS Firebolt (PC-10) and a gaggle of Iranian craft stated that the Firebolt took evasive action to avoid an Iranian boat that had intentionally positioned itself in front of the larger US vessel.

Assuming that the major (generally credible) news outlets are accurately reporting the Firebolt's position in international waters, why would a large ship not just plow through (or glance off of) the smaller craft? Given that the Iranian Navy appears to be intercepting foreign ships outside of national waters, why does a more powerful navy tolerate such behavior? The US could clear the sea of these craft but that would be an overt act of aggression/war whereas a collision at sea is more of an "accident."

I assume that the Firebolt would sustain damage but the Iranian craft would (presumably) be severly damaged or destroyed and Iranian skippers would (presumably) think twice before performing such a maneuver again.

Is a little damage to a minor US ship worth the message sent to the Iranian Navy and have such "messages" been sent before?

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    Professional sailors aren't baited into stupid decisions by instigating fools. The damage caused to the ship isn't the concern; consider instead the irreparable damage to the esteem of the US Navy. The scope of the negative damage far exceeds the actual damage. – Drunk Cynic Sep 7 '16 at 4:07
  • That is a very good point and one I failed to consider. Still, if the current behavior continues, it's only a matter of time until nervous or careless sailor fires a weapon (intentionally or not) touching off a skirmish in which many men will die. So, what is better, a couple dented boats and a few wet sailors or a skirmish that WILL result in bloodshed and force the various actors in the region to take sides and point more weapons at each other? – acpilot Sep 7 '16 at 16:57
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    I think you have not thought the damage that a collision between two vessels can cause. Have you seen the wreckage of a car accident? So think about the same, only with several orders more of mass (336 tons only for the Firebolt). Sailors crushed inside a boat. Sailors trapped inside a sinking boat. Sailors in the water hit by a passing vessel. Apart from the fact that we are talking about trained navy men in both sides (so there is a relatively small risk of "nervous or careless"), I would prefer some shots over a ship collision any day. – SJuan76 Sep 7 '16 at 21:29
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    The Iranians are using small speedboats they are faster and more agile and the US ships. It's just like a fly in my room that's bothering me right now. – Count Iblis Sep 7 '16 at 23:34
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The incident happend in or close to the Strait of Hormuz. Here is a map of it:

http://im.ft-static.com/content/images/9d3b83f2-4209-11e1-a1bf-00144feab49a.img?width=954&height=553&title=&desc=Strait%20of%20Hormuz

As you can see, there is only a narrow bend in which ships can pass without stepping into Iranian territorial waters. Therefore it is far from certain that these indicents happen in international waters. The US says so, Iran denies it. So unless either side has revealed the gps coordinates of the site where the incident took place it is word against word.

Then there are various conventions applicable to life at sea. Most of them can be summarized with: Don't be a dick. The Iranias are dicks by harassing the US navy, but the Americans doesn't have to reciprocate.

Furthermore, in International Maritime Law the shipmaster:

has an obligation to render assistance to those in distress at sea without regard to their nationality, status or the circumstances in which they are found

So the ships would collide and the Iranian vessel would sink and the American sailors would then be obliged to rescue the Iranians.

Regarding your comment about nervousness and carelessness, see this video of sailors goofing off: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bYFMZ_wuqXI They have decades of experience so doing stuff like that is trivial for them. So the behaviour of the Iranian navy is a nuisance but it is not endangering human life. Therefore the US navy is doing (in my opinion) the right thing by not escalating the situation.

  • Recommend referencing Transit Passage, as proscribed by UNCLOS, to include the Iranian signing caveat. – Drunk Cynic Sep 18 '16 at 23:32
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First of all: I dont see an evidence that shows it's happen in international waters.
It is not the gentility of US Navy that it dosent respond to Iran. US, if can, even attack passenger flights; as it did at the same point that these days Iran-US navy have problems; (and then awarded the navy commander that killed 290 civilian!)
So why US navy tolerate? To answer this question we should consider why US navy is in Persian golf? why Iran dont want see US navy is in Persian golf?
There are some dictators in the region that are US allies, e.g Bahrain. US Fifth Fleet is there. People of Bahrain dont want the dictator (and US navy). presence of US navy has a message to the people of Bahrain:" US support the king". Iran acts in favor of people against king. So Iran humiliates US navy and sends another message to the people of Bahrain:" dont afraid of US". Now US find itself in a dilemma: 1- doing what it does now. 2- The clash. US (at least Obama administration) dont want the 2nd since:

  • Iran's naval power and reaction is unknown for US
  • Obama dont want to leave power with disaster; which would have negative effect on Clinton's election.
  • in any war "attrition factor" is against US; They are far from home, and disliked with majority of people.

enter image description here - If US can not gain a decisive victory it shall see its allies (Arab dictators) in danger. (US preferes pro-US dictators not democratic pro-Iran governments in Bahrain, Yemen,... )

  • This seems to be an anti-American rant and not at all, in any way, an answer to the question. – acpilot Oct 3 '16 at 20:09
  • It IS an answer; see again: "US (at least Obama administration) dont want the 2nd since..." – user 1 Oct 4 '16 at 10:12

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