I have dual citizenship (German & American). I have grown up in both countries but currently live in the U.S. Recently, I have voted in the U.S. elections. However, I have never voted in the German elections. Since a German election is coming up, am I eligible to vote for that election? I have heard from another dual citizen that they can't vote for both. Is this true?


  • Good question. And welcome to Stack Exchange. Have you done any research on this issue? Please share. – K Dog Dec 9 '16 at 16:58
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    What makes you think you can't vote for Germany when you have citizenship? – Rathony Dec 9 '16 at 17:58
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    Does your question apply to the general case, or specifically to a US-German dual citizen. I suspect the general answer is 'it depends'. – origimbo Dec 9 '16 at 18:05
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    casting votes in two separate elections would not be fraudulent. The real question is whether German laws allow citizens living abroad to vote, and whether dual-citizenship affects that (regardless of whether you voted elsewhere) – jalynn2 Dec 9 '16 at 18:15
  • As @jalynn2 said, my boyfriend is a US/New Zealand dual citizen, currently living in the U.S. He can always vote in the US elections, because the U.S. allows all citizens to vote, regardless of residency. He currently cannot vote in the New Zealand elections because enfranchisement in New Zealand requires residency in NZ proper. – hszmv May 13 at 16:25

Yes, you can vote in both German and American elections. Both Germany and USA have no restrictions that prohibit dual nationals from voting in another country.

Evidence for the United States:

As it now stands, the United States is among the most, if not the most, permissive country allowing dual citizenship in the world. It has no regulation whatsoever of whether its citizens can vote, serve in the government of, or fight for a foreign government. They can do so without consequences of any kind.


Evidence for Germany:

Do multiple nationals have special rights?

In Germany, a person with foreign citizenship in addition to his/her German citizenship (a multiple national) has exactly the same rights as all other German citizens.


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    It's worth noting too that, pursuant to Afroyim v. Rusk, the United States is Constitutionally prohibited from causing loss of citizenship just because a person voted in another country's elections. – Avi Dec 9 '16 at 20:53
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    I believe a US-dual citizen can fight for their other nation, but not against the US. If Germany ever went to war the with US, the dual-citizenship could find themselves guilty of treason for fighting on either side. – abelenky Dec 9 '16 at 22:11

One case where you can't:

If you have the right to vote in more than one EU member state, then, for the EU Parliamentary elections, you have to choose in which one to vote. You are not allowed to vote twice.

Article 9.1 of the Act concerning the election of the members of the European Parliament reads:

No one may vote more than once in any election of members of the European Parliament.

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    True, but not really comparable as it is the same election. In a similar way, you can’t cast two votes in the US presidential election even if you have two homes in different states. – chirlu May 11 at 17:33

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