First, I want to point out that the occuapation is 50 years old. It
has worked fairly well for Israel and its goals regarding regional
security and territorial expansion have largely been achieved.
It might seem strange to say that a day after four Israeli soldiers
were killed by an Arab Israeli ramming them with a truck. But look at
the numbers, terrorism has waned over the years and the number of
successful attacks are record low.
At the same time, Israel has improved its image in the Arab world. One
example is the Arab Peace Initiative, presented by the Saudi king in
2002, which offered Israel peace and recognition in exchange for
withdrawal from the territories captured in 1967. Such an initiative
would have been unthinkable in the 1980's.
For Israel, things are moving in the right direction albeit
slowly. The state knows there is a cost to the occupation, but so far
it has been willing to shoulder it. Therefore it seems most likely
that the state will uphold the status quo but advance its interest in
key areas such as strengthening its grip on East Jerusalem.
@user4012's answer is a good summary of the most popular solutions to
the Palestine question. So I will just describe the right-wing
ones. Remember that these aren't (currently) seriously considered by
the Israeli establishment.
Annexation of Area C
Education minister, Naftali Bennett wants to annex Area C of the West Bank. It corresponds to the white area of this map:
He is the leader of the right-wing Jewish
Home party which
currently holds 8 of 120 seats in the Knesset (Israeli parliament).
I think Marhall thinks this solution is "ugly or fantastical" because
constructing a state out of the yellow areas of the West Bank would be
impossible. The Palestinians in those areas would be living in a
territorial void without political rights.
Likely the "ugly or fantastical" idea Marshall has in mind. The idea
is described in A History of the Concept of "Transfer" in
Zionism by Israel Shahak:
Since early summer 1987, a movement has been growing in
Israeli-Jewish society which supports the idea of expelling all
Palestinians from the West Bank and Gaza Strip to neighboring Arab
countries or, preferably, beyond. The present plans resemble older
Zionist attempts or plans for the expulsion of Palestinians,
referred to euphemistically as 'transfer' plans. It must be
emphasized that the existence of a very strong minority that
advocates this idea, combined with the support or at very least the
lack of opposition from influential personalities, makes this idea
of 'transfer' a potentially very dangerous one. Indeed, a
significant minority of Israeli Jews takes this option seriously. In
general, opposition inside Israel to transfer includes people from
across the political spectrum, but it is much stronger among the
secular than among the religious.
This idea was advocated by Meir
Kahane of the right-wing
Kach party which
was banned in 1994.
A more recent party supporting "transfer" is Benny Elon of the
Molodet party. His ideas,
formulated in the Elon
Plan is a mix of
forced and voluntary expulsion of Palestinians from the West Bank. He
notes that about half of all Palestinians would be willing to emigrate
given the right incentives:
"It can be examined whether it is not more humane, still, to give a
million families 100,000 dollars each, and have them rebuild their
lives, in the same way that my father, a refugee from Dusseldorf,
and the refugees from Morocco and other places did when they built
An even more recent example is Baruch
Marzel of the now
defunct Jewish National
It's important to note that these ideas are only propagated by the
right-wing of the right-wing. Those who consider Benjamin Netanyahu a