Keith Richards, born in 1943 is 73 years old and has been regarded as "modern" because of the music group The Rolling Stones which was formed in 1962. This was a sarcastic reference to "modern" jurisprudence (1938).
Wikipedia says that the filibuster in the United States Senate is a Senate rule that allows a senator to talk as long as he does not
give up the floor, unless a special vote is taken to stop debate.
Note that the Democrats forced a rule change in order to prevent a filibuster on certain kinds of votes
Reconciliation is a specific process of passing a budget bill and, as a result cannot be filibustered by the Senate.
and from wikipedia:
After a series of filibusters in the 1960s over civil rights
legislation, the Senate put a "two-track system" into place in the
early 1970s under the leadership of Majority Leader Mike Mansfield and
Majority Whip Robert Byrd. Before this system was introduced, a
filibuster would stop the Senate from moving on to any other
legislative activity. Tracking allows the majority leader—with
unanimous consent or the agreement of the minority leader—to have more
than one bill pending on the floor as unfinished business. Under the
two-track system, the Senate can have two or more pieces of
legislation pending on the floor simultaneously by designating
specific periods during the day when each one will be considered.
In 1975, the Democratic-controlled Senate revised the cloture rule
so that three-fifths of sworn senators could limit debate, except on
votes to change Senate rules, which required a two-thirds majority to
invoke cloture. The Senate also experimented with a rule that removed
the need to speak on the floor in order to filibuster (a "talking
filibuster"), thus allowing for "virtual filibusters".
Another tactic, the post-cloture filibuster—which used points of order
to delay legislation because they were not counted as part of the
limited time allowed for debate—was rendered ineffective by a rule
change in 1979
On November 21, 2013, the Senate used the so-called "nuclear option",
voting 52-48—with all Republicans and three Democrats voting
against—to eliminate the use of the filibuster on executive branch
nominees and judicial nominees, except to the Supreme Court.
The wikipedia summary is:
A filibuster in the United States Senate is a dilatory or obstructive
tactic used in the United States Senate to prevent a measure from
being brought to a vote. The most common form of filibuster occurs
when a senator attempts to delay or block a vote on a bill by
extending debate on the measure. The Senate rules permit a senator, or
a series of senators, to speak for as long as they wish, and on any
topic they choose, unless "three-fifths of the Senators duly chosen
and sworn" (usually 60 out of 100) bring the debate to a close by
invoking cloture under Senate Rule XXII.
According to the Supreme Court's ruling in United States v. Ballin
(1892), Senate rules can be changed by a simple majority vote.
Nevertheless, under current Senate rules, a rule change could itself
be filibustered, requiring two-thirds of senators who are present and
voting to end debate. (This differs from the usual requirement for
three-fifths of sworn senators.)PRECEDENCE OF MOTIONS Despite this written requirement,
the Senate's presiding officer could, on motion, declare a Senate rule
unconstitutional, and that decision could be upheld by a simple
The concept of the filibuster emerged in the Senate in the 1850s. At
the time, both the Senate and the House of Representatives allowed
filibusters as a way to prevent a vote from taking place. Subsequent
revisions to House rules limited filibuster privileges in that
chamber, but the Senate continues to allow the tactic.Filibuster and Cloture