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The US has been in a state of emergency since the terrorist attacks on 9/11/2001. It was declared by George W. Bush and ex-President Obama extended it.

What is the exact reason for this extension, since it has been about 16 years already and the USA has world's strongest military power?

  • Related: NATO has not yet ended Article 5 started after Afghanistan - The USA is still under attack. This war will never end. – Reinstate Monica - M. Schröder Mar 5 '18 at 14:52
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The President is given more powers when a state of emergency is declared as described in this article by USA Today.

President Obama has extended Bush's Proclamation 7463 for the 16th consecutive year, giving him broad powers over the organization of the military for at least another year.

Among them: the ability to call up the national guard and deploy those troops overseas. As of last week, 16,345 guardsmen remain called up under the legal authority involved by that proclamation, the Pentagon said.

The emergency also gives the president — and his successor — the authority to "suspend the operation of any provision of law relating to the promotion, involuntary retirement, or separation of commissioned officers" of the armed forces. And he can appoint an unlimited number of new one- or two-star generals, waiving promotion requirements and legal limits on the number of officers.

Also, the reason for the extension:

As of Sept. 30, about 25,700 guard and reserve troops remain involuntarily called up to federal service on the authority of Bush's proclamation, the Pentagon says. Canceling the state of emergency would allow them to go home.

Eight generals and admirals have been appointed to their positions despite laws limiting the number of general officers in each service. That's because the state of emergency allows the president to bypass the law and appoint an unlimited number of one- and two-star generals.

[...]

The Department of Defense is conducting a review of how it would meet staffing needs if the president fails to renew the state of emergency, said Navy Lt. Cmdr. Nate Christensen, a Pentagon spokesman. That review has been going on quietly for years, and the emergency has been extended each time.

So, the state of emergency is extended so that a number of officials appointed in excess of normal limits, especially those stationed in the Middle East, can continue to hold their positions.

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    any critical reasons for this?,because its been 16 years – Forte Zhu Feb 8 '17 at 8:25
  • @iOSW It's likely because that the number of one/two-star generals appointed are more than stat limits and not renewing the state of emergency would cause problems for DoD's staffing needs. – Panda Feb 8 '17 at 8:52
  • just keen to know, Is new President interested in extension?:( – Forte Zhu Feb 9 '17 at 4:09
  • @WillForte He hasn't commented on it explicitly though he mentioned that he would use his authority as president to replace top generals, saying he would seek the advice of generals on the Islamic State, but "they’d probably be different generals, to be honest with you." – Panda Feb 9 '17 at 10:26

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