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For years Israel has refused opening their nuclear facilities to IAEA inspection and Israel signing the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

45 member states, including Turkey, Russia, China and Iran, back the proposal from 18 Arab countries.

Israel has also criticized and condemned Iran for their nuclear program but the Iranians have let the IAEA into their nuclear facilities to be inspected.

United States (who have signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) is a big economic supporter of Israel. Why hasn't the U.S. pressured Israel to have their nuclear program inspected and sign the proliferation treaty?

18

It is widely and credibly suggested that Israel has nuclear weapons.

While that is not officially true it can be ignored. But once it is undeniable a stink would certainly be made, probably in the US's direction (despite the source probably being France) . This embarrassment could potentially reduce the popularity of our support for Israel.

If however the rumors are false, and Israel does not have weapons proving that to the world might make the nearby states less afraid to attack again.

Schrodinger weapons are exactly what they want. They keep the deterrent without causing an incident.

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    Israel hasn't signed the non-proliferation treaty, so isn't bound by it. – Sjoerd Apr 23 '17 at 13:20
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    Great answer. I just wish you gave the perspective of Israel and their reasons for not letting the IAEA inspect their nuclear program. – Noah Apr 23 '17 at 16:05
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    "Schrodinger weapons" - I like that. – Bobson Apr 23 '17 at 22:35
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    I guess I was wanting sources/citations. – Noah Apr 26 '17 at 23:13
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    Wikipedia suggests that it was France, not the US, that co-operated with Israel on nuclear weapons development. – David Richerby Sep 14 '17 at 18:04
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"Why hasn't the U.S. pressured Israel?"

The default answer on "why didn't X do Y?" is "Because X didn't have a reason to do Y". Not doing something is easy. Hence, we should look at the question to see if there are any reasons for the US to do so.

  1. "45 member states, including Turkey, Russia, China and Iran, back the proposal from 18 Arab countries." On the whole, having those countries on the proposal would be a reason for the US to reject the proposal. Those aren't the historical friends and allies of the US.

  2. "Israel has also criticized and condemned Iran for their nuclear program". So has the US. In other words, this finds the US and Israel agreeing, so it can't be a motive for the US to put pressure on Israel.

Now, we might consider some hypothetical reasons why the US might want to act like this. Maybe the US would believe that the Middle East would be more stable if nobody had nuclear weapons. On the other hand, Israel's nuclear capability probably explains why they haven't been at war with their neighbours for a while. If Israel would give up their nuclear weapons, the US probably must intervene to save Israel in the next war. Because as the question notes, those Arab neighbours still don't recognise the legitimacy of Israel.

In the end, we have to conclude that there are no strong objective reasons for the US to act, which is consistent with the observed lack of action.

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