Which of the European monarchs have the right of legislative initiative? Are there any who do? I'm finding it difficult to find any information on the internet about the right of initiative in various countries. I know that the parliament always has it, and I know that in Poland the president or a large enough number of citizens do.
In Liechtenstein, the prince has the power to hire and fire governments. In a 2003 referendum (BBC News), the inhabitants of the tiny state in the Alps overwhelmingly voted in favour of giving him absolute legislative powers. This was reconfirmed in a 2012 referendum.
One might argue that Liechtenstein doesn't really count, as it has only 36,281 inhabitants on 160 km².
- The monarch of Liechtenstein has legislative iniative. A few years ago, he used it in launching a referendum… to give him much more power.
- The absolute monarch of the Vatican has legislative iniative. In the past, this has had rather hard consequences.