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Who organized, promoted, and attended the recent "Unite the Right" rally in Charlottesville?

Self-answered question, because I think that there is a lot of - actual or purported - unclarity about this. Further answers are of course very welcome. Especially more information on the speeches held at the rally or calls to attend by non-supremacist groups would be great.

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    Can you provide examples of unclarity? – Andrew Grimm Aug 16 '17 at 11:11
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    preferably with a citation and more than three words. – Andrew Grimm Aug 16 '17 at 11:19
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    You can tell who organized and promoted but attended is a much harder matter to determine. – SCFi Aug 16 '17 at 11:43
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    @SCFi True, I mainly meant which organizations attended, which should be identifiable by flags, signs, etc. It could for example be that an organization such as the American Conservative Union - right wing, but not generally associated with white supremacism - attended the event (they didn't, it's just an example). It could also be that individuals attended and made their own signs and chants in support of right wing ideology, but opposed to white supremacism. – tim Aug 16 '17 at 11:54
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    Out of all the closed questions on this topic, this one seems to be the least opinion based. – user1530 Aug 16 '17 at 15:31
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Who organized the rally?

tl;dr: The rally was organized and promoted by Nazis and white supremacists. Some less extreme elements of the far right did not attend because of the negative imagery.

The rally was officially registered by Jason Kessler, a previously unknown white nationalist engaged in racist "white genocide" and antisemitic ""cultural marxism" conspiracy theories.

Wikipedia says that the rally was organized and promoted by these groups from the far-right:

Among the far-right groups engaged in organizing the march were the clubs of the neo-Nazi website The Daily Stormer,[15] the neo-Confederate League of the South,[13] the National Policy Institute,[16] and the National Socialist Movement.[13] Other groups involved in the rally were the Ku Klux Klan,[3] the Fraternal Order of Alt-Knights,[17] the 3 Percenters,[18] the Traditionalist Workers Party,[17] Identity Evropa,[1] the Oath Keepers,[19] Vanguard America,[17] the American Guard,[20] the Pennsylvania Light Foot Militia,[21] the New York Light Foot Militia,[22] the Virginia Minutemen Militia,[23] the Nationalist Front,[13] the Rise Above Movement,[24] True Cascadia,[25] and Anti-Communist Action.[20]

Those are all Nazi or white supremacist groups.

Speakers at the rally were among other Jason Kessler, Richard Spencer, Matthew Heimbach, or Mike Peinovich. All of them are white supremacists.

The SPLC says that:

“Unite the Right” is expected to draw a broad spectrum of far-right extremist groups – from immigration foes to anti-Semitic bigots, neo-Confederates, Proud Boys, Patriot and militia types, outlaw bikers, swastika-wearing neo-Nazis, white nationalists and Ku Klux Klan members – all of whom seem emboldened by the Trump presidency.

The ADL agrees:

A variety of white supremacists, self-identified white nationalists and others on the extreme right are gearing up for the “Unite the Right” rally on August 12 in Charlottesville, Virginia. The event has the potential to be the largest public gathering of white supremacists in at least a decade

Gavin McInnes - known for his right-wing politics and antisemitism - declined to attend because he did not want to be associated with Nazis.

The occidental dissident stated beforehand that the "alt-lite" will not attend because of the level of extremism:

The Alt-Right will be there. Southern Nationalists will be there. White Nationalists will be there. The Alt-Lite was invited to come, but predictably backed out over race.

The far-right Proud Boys denounced the rally because of white supremacists:

The imagery looks like something that comes from 1930 Germany. Where are your American flags? [...] Just look at this flyer and try to tell me it doesn’t look like Nazi propaganda [...] The truth is, we don’t need white supremacists in Proud Boys

What was the rally about?

The initial reason for the rally was to protest the possible future removal of a confederate statue.

However, neither the promotion of the event nor slogans and signs at the event focused on this.

The flyer from the Daily Stormer can still be seen on google images. It depicts a Nazi destroying a Star of David with the tagline "To end Jewish influence in America". It does not mention the statue.

Slogans during the rally were for example "You will not replace us", "Jews will not replace us" and "blood and soil". Hitler salutes were shown frequently, and people marched alongside Nazi flags and swastikas.

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    According to the SPLC article on Jason Kessler, He used to be a liberal until Novermber 2016. I hate to be a conspiracy theorist, but what a coincedence. He was Pro-santuary city (video of a speech exists) and may have been associated with Occupy movement. – Frank Cedeno Aug 16 '17 at 17:36
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    Are the Oath Keepers truly a "Nazi or white supremacist" group? From the Wikipedia article on them, ADL and SPLC have criticized their anti-government views and their militancy, but they don't seem to be (officially) a nazi or white-supremacist group from what I can see. – Deolater Aug 16 '17 at 18:09
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    There is way too much opinion in this answer. Doesn't seem credible because of that. – Jasmine Aug 16 '17 at 18:19
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    @Deolater I tried to edit that bit but unfortunately the OP did not agree with my proposed amendments. I wish I can find the time one of this days to add my own answer, because this is an important question. – rath Aug 17 '17 at 11:17
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    @FrankCedeno People change their political views, it happens; especially with relatively young people. Seeing that high-profile white supremacists like Richard Spencer and Nazis from the Daily Stormer were extensively involved in the event, it's difficult to see what kind of conspiracy could exist here. – tim Aug 17 '17 at 16:04

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