Some political parties advocate for the merging of Romania and Moldova:
Some political parties within both Moldova and Romania advocate merging the two countries. Such a scenario would incorporate the current territory of Moldova into Romania and thus into the EU, though the Transnistria problem would still be an issue.
Assuming that Transnistria problem is somehow solved (maybe even allowing it to be an independent region), although most Moldovans favor EU membership, there are still several issues that prevent Moldova to become a EU member:
The government of Moldova is actively pursuing EU membership, but it seems a distant prospect. With a GDP-per-capita of just €1,840, it is the poorest country in Europe; Freedom House gives Moldova low scores for democracy and rule of law indicators
Nevertheless, Moldova’s long-term EU ambitions have clearly displeased the Kremlin. Moldova is heavily dependent on imported energy and, with the Russian state-owned Gazprom currently the main supplier of gas to the country, gas prices have been rising ever since Moldova signed an Association Agreement and a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement with the EU back in June 2014.
Import bans on Moldovan wine and agricultural products, and new restrictions prohibiting Moldovan workers in Russia from sending home remittances have further hampered economic growth (remittances make up a staggering 30% of the country’s GDP, and up to 65% of these remittances come from Russia).
Question: Assuming that Romania and Moldova agree to merge, can this be done without previous discussions/agreements at EU level?
I am asking that because Romania as a EU member has to obey some rules related to inflation, public debt, corruption, justice. After a virtual merge most of the associated indicators would most probably fall outside of agreed values.