Addressing an outlier event can be expensive, both in terms of money and political capital. Is it worth the money, and the legislative time, and the favor trading that has to go on, to enact legislation to avoid a recurrence? Is it worth that expense, when considering the lives that could be saved if that money and political capital were expended in other needy areas, such as relief efforts or boosting education and economic opportunities in economically depressed areas? There's only so much money and political capital available.
Let's consider two such 'outliers':
In the aftermath of the Oklahoma City bombing, which killed over 150 people, regulations were put in place to track large purchases of ammonium nitrate, the material used in the truck bomb. Probably a wise move, there hasn't been a large scale bombing in the US since then.
And now, the Las Vegas shooting, which was a worst case scenario: a huge crowd, and one person with automatic weapons. Early reports are that the shooter used 'bump stocks'... this is a stock on a semiautomatic rifle with a spring that lets the gun shake back and forth. Hold it just right, your finger bumps into the trigger, and it acts like a fully automatic weapon.
Of what use is a 'bump stock'? Absolutely none, other than cheap thrills. The result will be terribly inaccurate, which isn't a factor if you're firing into a large crowd, but otherwise, utterly useless. In this particular case, it shouldn't be a problem to outlaw 'bump stocks', and 'trigger cranks', a crank device that works a rifle trigger rapidly... also legal at this time.
On a larger scale, the US does have an issue with the proliferation of dirt cheap assault style rifles. Today, one can buy a mass produced AR-15 rifle for $500, about the same price of an original Colt AR-15 rifle, back in 1972. Way too cheap, and that particular weapon has now been used in four recent mass shootings: Sandy Hook, Orlando, San Bernadino, and now Las Vegas.
The problem there is - any attempt to restrict them just fuels more purchases - sales of assault rifles soared in the Obama years, out of just fear of restrictions, not attempts to actually implement restrictions. Personally, I think future manufacture should be stopped. That would send the price of existing ones way high, making them harder to obtain. But, this has to be done soon, if it is to be done at all.
And that won't cover the other danger exposed by this tragedy: The effects of stampeding a large crowd of people.
Note that the casualties from Las Vegas haven't been separated into gunshot deaths, and deaths resulting from the huge crowd panicking and trampling people. Consider the Who concert, where a mistake by officials at the stadium resulted in eleven people dying by being trampled. And that wasn't even a panicked crowd, it was just a huge crowd funneled into too small a space. Four or five bombs, set off one after another, would have the same effect on a large crowd, so firearms restrictions won't stop that from happening again, and the outlier of stampeding a large crowd still exists, as well as the terrorist value in preying on large crowds.
That danger still exists. And there is no simple solution for that. Sadly, the tech that makes our lives better, also makes building remote control bombs easier, from remote detonators to drones to carry small bombs into a large event.