Given the charge of racial discrimination towards its non-Jewish citizens (for example this letter in the HP), does the state of Israel officially or unofficially discriminate in voting rights? And if so, what forms does this discrimination take? For example does it unilaterally strip non-Jewish citizens of their voting rights, or even of their citizenship, or does it prevent registration of non-Jewish citizens by other means.
All Israeli citizens, Jews, Arabs and others, have a right to vote and can freely exercise it. I have never seen any serious claim otherwise. I personally know Arab Israelis who have voted and faced no difficulty whatsoever.
Roughly 21% of Israel’s more than eight million citizens are Arabs. The vast majority of the Israeli Arabs - 81% - are Muslims. Arabs in Israel have equal voting rights; in fact, it is one of the few places in the Middle East where Arab women may vote. Arabs currently hold ten seats in the Knesset. Israeli Arabs have also held various government posts.
Critics of Israel such as Al Jazeera do not claim that Arabs cannot vote in Israel. The only criticism is that people not living in Israel and not having Israeli citizenship - instead e.g. living in Gaza or the West Bank - cannot vote.
The US Department of State considers Israeli elections to be "free and fair", but critized the raising of the electoral threshold. It also states that:
The law provides citizens the ability to choose their government in free and fair periodic elections based on universal and equal suffrage, and citizens exercised this ability.
According to the Electonic Intifada
Israel has quietly revoked the citizenship of thousands of members of its large Palestinian minority in recent years, highlighting that decades of demographic war against Palestinians are far from over.
The policy, which only recently came to light, is being implemented by Israel’s population registry, a department of the interior ministry. The registry has been regularly criticized for secrecy about its rules for determining residency and citizenship.
According to government data, some 2,600 Palestinian Bedouins are likely to have had their Israeli citizenship voided. Officials, however, have conceded that the figure may be much higher.
and according to Aida Touma-Sliman, a Palestinian member of the Israeli parliament
“I’m afraid that what has been exposed is only the tip of the iceberg and what hasn’t been revealed yet is even more serious,”
As a commenter has pointed out that this journal is partisan, here is a corroborating report by Haaretz:
Adalahs petition to the Interior Ministry shows that individuals that have been citizens for 20, 30 or 40 years, some of whom have served in the army, who have voted and paid their taxes had clerks cancel their status with a keystroke. As permanent residents, they can vote in local elections but cannot run for office, vote in national elections, or run for the Knesset. They recieve social benefits such as medical insurance and national insurance payments, but cannot recieve Israeli passports. If they are out of the country for prolonged periods of time, they can also lose their permanent residency, and unlike citizens they cannot automatically transfer their status to their children.
The Knessets Interior and Environment Committee held a discussion on it ... and during this Interior Ministry officials confirmed that such a policy exists.
Also, Haaretz reports that a 'decision plan' promoted by the member of the Knesset, Bezalel Smotrich and unanimously adopted in the National Faction Conference is predicated on removing the right to vote for Palestinian citizens to breakdown the Palestinian national conscience; he, himself wrote:
The big challenge in this context will be the democratic challenge; the need to persuade the world that among all the different alternatives, the alternative of democratic rights without the right to vote for the Knesset is the least bad alternative. It is indeed a challenge, but we can meet it.