I was reading the answers of What's will be like a viable and legal roadmap to Catalonian independence? and one of them says:
-If the vote to leave is over 50%, then the process for creating a new country starts. All the Spanish citizens that vote to leave lost their Spanish (and EU) citizenship. All those that vote No retain their Spanish citizenship and are treated as any Spanish citizen in a foreign country. Until there is a no double taxes treaty with the new country, Spanish citizens must pay taxes in Spain. The new country must ask to join EU, UN, etc. In the meantime, there is a frontier between the EU and the new country.
I am confused, I though that any person that was born in a European country would not lose the EU citizenship if Catalonia leaves EU but Spain doesnt (The citizens could choose which nationalities to maintain, so they could choos to maintain the Spanish one and then the europian one). The answer states that no, if you vote to leave you are out and if you vote to stay you maintain your citizenship.
Can someone make that clear, in a situation like this. Can catalans keep the Spanish citizenship if they are independence or it would depend on the governments? +1: If the answer is true (I dont think so), how they control who votes yes or no? It is supposed to be anonymous.
EDIT: There are people stating that the LAW says that in this case they will not lose citizenship but only statements, I couldnt confirm it. Example, in an interview to the president of Spain the interviewer says:
Porque la ley dice que el ciudadano nacido en España no pierde la nacionalidad aunque resida en un país extranjero si manifiesta su voluntad de conservarla.
Translation: A citizen born in Spain would not lose the citizenship (EU and Spain) even if it resides in another country and want to keep it.
I know that it is not exactly the same residing in another country that the independence situation, but in the interview they are talking about that and they make it clear as if it will happen the same if Catalonia leaves.
EDIT2: I do not want to discuss if Catalonia will or not stay in the EU directly after, that was already discussed.Can Catalonia enter the EU after its independence from Spain? (It was more or less clear that no they do not stay in the EU and they will need to apply later)
I want to discuss if any law in EU or Spain contemplates something like this (Like that any person who already has a citizenship of a EU country would not lose it even if a region is not from this country and you are there) Similar to what @phoog answer, but with some sources. The main point will be if Spain will allow catalans to mantain citizenship, if not, if it is force to do it or if it is not clear. I dont think the EU will have anything to avoid the Spanish government to choose their citizens.