This question is an exact duplicate of:
Dog-Whistle politics refers to code words that mean one thing to the general population, but have an additional, different, or special resonance for a targeted subgroup.
alleged code words in the United States is claimed to appeal to racism of the intended audience. The phrase "states' rights", although literally referring to powers of individual state governments in the United States, was described by David Greenberg in Slate as "code words" for institutionalized segregation and racism. In 1981, former Republican Party strategist Lee Atwater when giving an anonymous interview discussing the GOP's Southern Strategy
In the late 1960s, however, t*he Republicans began employing a "southern strategy" to capitalize on white resentment of civil rights*. [...] The more recent Tea Party takeover of the GOP – with the attendant hatred of a black president, Latino immigrants, civil rights and multicultural diversity – represents a natural consequence of that strategy. And the exclusively rightwing Republican fixation with voter fraud and voter ID reflects this new reality.
If statements innocuous as cutting spending, a candidates name, or states rights were capable of drawing racially resentful whites into the Republican Party, you would expect that the Republican Party would have a greater share of racially resentful whites and that those people would display greater discrimination toward African-Americans.
Have any studies found that Republicans exhibit a greater amount of discrimination towards African-Americans than Democrats?
Have any studies found that Republicans positions on political issues like spending cuts, social welfare, or Voter ID laws are correlated with their racial views more than Democrats?