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Although there are plenty of polls that try to ascertain the racial views of different racial and political groups, I can't find any polls that look into the relation, if any, between income and racist attitudes within racial groups. Any help?

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    One issue here is that there is no objective measurement of "racism", and for example in the United Stated there is significant controversy on what exactly is and isn't "racism". – user11249 Nov 17 '17 at 0:52
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    @Carpetsmoker There are some measurable proxies which have been used as an empirical measure of racial bias, which possibly approach objective. Not that there aren't fundamental flaws of course, not least the way in which they results get reported. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Implicit-association_test – origimbo Nov 17 '17 at 2:17
  • @origimbo - from what I recall (it was podcasts, so no references sorry) even supporters of IAT openly admit that they were unable to establish absolutely any causation between IAT results and observable behavior. That's not the only criticism of the test, but it's pretty devastating one. – user4012 Nov 17 '17 at 2:48
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    @origimbo - the problem isn't with the question. It's with the people who will read the question and assume correlation = causation - which many people seem to do. – user4012 Nov 17 '17 at 3:19
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    I was born in Ecuador where there was no running water, I've been in The Marine Corps all over the US, raised kids, rented, own homes and now I have tuxedos that are falling apart from all the fund raiser I attend. Racism knows no station because it is part of human instinct springing from tribalism. I would say that sociopaths and autistic people are the only ones I met that are truly un-racist since the part of the brain that is tribal is not functioning. Even among homogenic tribes, each tribe will find something they don't like about another (wrong tartan? wrong hat?) – Frank Cedeno Nov 17 '17 at 15:24
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It can be hard to define and measure this without polling multiple questions and having the relevant crosstabs. I have found one poll from Gallup dealing with interracial marriage that has crosstabs based on education. Since education past high school is correlated very strongly with income, I think we can say that there is a somewhat negative correlation between income and racist beliefs.

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It would of course be best to just have income based crosstabs, I don't think I've ever seen those in a public poll outside of presidential elections though.

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    The approval of marriage between blacks and whites is not a direct, one-to-one, representation of racism. – Drunk Cynic Nov 17 '17 at 2:42
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    @DrunkCynic - while you are correct, it is definitely a somewhat usable proxy (I don't have a cite, but I personally find it hard to explain opposition to such marriage as a concept to be based on anything other than racist sentiment). It's certainly orders of magnitude better than 95% of other proxies popular among progressives most of which amount to "do you support progressive ideology and progressive methods of addressing issues progressives raise? If not it must be because of racism, and not meaningful policy disagreements". – user4012 Nov 17 '17 at 2:47
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    @user4012 I'm not saying that opposition to it isn't racist. Instead, it is possible to support marriage between blacks and whites, and still be racist. – Drunk Cynic Nov 17 '17 at 2:50
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    Polls like these are not as meaningful as they appear, because words like "approval" can be interpreted differently. I don't approve of full facial tattoos but I'm not going to try and prohibit them (though I will try to talk a friend out of getting one, up to a point). It's also equally possible for someone to approve of interracial marriage even if they hold racist notions. E.g. if I think of Jews as moneygrabbers (note: I don't) I might still approve my daughter marrying one of those rich bastards. Though often connected, racism and racial intolerance are two different things. – Flater Nov 17 '17 at 9:47
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    I appreciate the effort which went into this answer, but I think we can do better than linking an indirect indicator for income to an indirect indicator for racism. – Philipp Nov 17 '17 at 13:56

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