I originally posted this question in Skeptics.SE.
My humanities teacher was apart of a Wikipedia project with a class describing the "discrimination against social precarity", using a newly-coined term "poorphobia" (pauvrophobie in French). I looked into the sources in that article and found that the organisation Agir tous pour la dignité Quart monde (ATD), or International Movement ATD Fourth World, a non-profit organisation that aims to eradicate chronic poverty worldwide, was responsible for its coinage according to this article by Le Figaro. Because of their efforts, the French bill 2016-832 was ratified, modifying both the penal code and labour code to include the criterion of social precarity.
I fail to find any viable sources of this "poorphobia", be it legal cases or in the news. I also don't see any difference between the discrimination against the poor and impoverished and classism, discrimination on the basis of social class.
The aforementioned Wikipedia article, describes this by providing some examples:
Stereotypes of the poor
- They all rely on social benefits
- The poor consume a lot of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs
- The poor increase our deficit budget
- The poor cannot integrate into society
Source: WP article section "Stéréotypes et préjugés à propos des pauvres"
Actions taken to manifest this discrimination
- At work: an employer, seeking to fill a position, reads through CVs and hires the jobseeker who lives in a famous district instead of the ordinary person. The employer hesitates to hire this impoverished person because he's badly dressed.
- Housing: a landlord refuses to rent out his apartment to a poor person, because of an unjustified suspicion of their not being able to pay.
- In the street: a pedestrian actively avoids/evades a homeless person
Source: WP article section "Les actions menées pour déterminer les formes et manifestations de cette discrimination"
Because this stigmatisation of is written into law as a type of discrimination of a social group (like racism or homophobia), it's being applied into law.
If a person is victim of this discrimination, the perpetrator can be sentenced to 3 years in prison and 45,000 EUR in fines. The goal of this law is to advance equal rights and protect those who are financially unfortunate, to be able to get housing, employment, and to be in the same conditions as everyone else.
Source: WP article section "L'application de la loi"
Is "poorphobia" an actual type of social discrimination in this day and age? Is there any evidence of this taking place institutionally or socially? Is it any different from classism?