I've been looking for resources which analyze the various political platforms using mathematical models. For example, the idea of "democratic socialism" seems to be based on a model of wealth redistribution where everyone gets an equal say in where government income comes from and how it's spent. In theory, this model takes money from the rich and gives to the poor because there are fewer rich people voting in their own interest than poor people.
The Republican platform seems to advocate for a business model, where those who use a service are the ones who pay for it. In this model, public schools are paid for by people in that school's district, and roads are paid for based on vehicle weight tax, etc..
Are there any resources where this sort of modeling is done and compared in detail?