The Chinese government has always been extremely skeptical of the Western definition of human rights. For example, they refuse to implement a democracy, reject the freedom of speech and assembly, prevent citizens from freely moving around the country, controlled the population growth when necessary, etc. But are there any human rights which are officially recognised, implemented and supported the the CCP? What is the official view on the subject?
I think the subject is covered pretty well on Wikipedia which provides some insight about human rights implementation in China:
Human rights in China is a highly contested topic, especially for the fundamental human rights periodically reviewed by the United Nations Human Rights Committee, on which the government of the People's Republic of China and various foreign governments and human rights organizations have often disagreed.
According to Chinese Constitution, the most if not all human rights as are ensured (Chapter II):
- right to vote (18+)
- freedom of speech, of the press, of assembly, of association, of procession and of demonstration
- freedom of religious belief
- freedom of person inviolability
- freedom and privacy
- right to rest
- right to material assistance
- right to receive education
- women enjoy equal rights with men
So, officially (by law) all these rights are recognized.
Also, it is important to notice that the Chinese Government officially recognizes that human rights cannot be applied in China in the same way as in Western countries due to "political and economical" differences:
The PRC government repeats the often ambiguously and confusingly stated opinion that human rights should encompass what its officials have labelled as 'economic standards of living and measures of health and economic prosperity'. It insists that as economic, cultural and political situations differ substantially between countries, a international definition of human rights literally cannot apply to China.
Rights that seem to have some support
- religious freedom
Members of the Communist Party are officially required to be atheists, but this rule is not regularly enforced and many party members privately engage in religious activities.
- political freedom
Legally, all citizens of the People's Republic of China who have reached the age of 18 have the right to vote and stand for election, regardless of ethnicity, race, sex, occupation, family background, religious belief, education, property status, or length of residence, except for persons deprived of political rights according to laws imposed by CPC regulations.
- sexuality related rights
In 2001, homosexuality was removed from the official list of mental illnesses in China.
"they refuse to implement a democracy"
People's democratic dictatorship is a phrase incorporated into the Constitution of the People's Republic of China by Mao Zedong, leader the Communist Party of China (CPC). The concept, and form of government, is similar to that of people's democracy, which was implemented in Eastern Europe under the guidance of the Soviet Union.