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With regards to the annual budget for the U.S. government. If congress approved a budget that was then vetoed by the president, could congress use its override authority to approve the budget and fund the government for the fiscal year?

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Yes.

That is exactly what the override does, if 2/3 of each house agree the president's opinions don't matter.

  • So there are no limitations on the type of bill, all types are equal and can be over-ridden if 2/3 of congress agrees? – Aaron Jan 19 '18 at 22:22
  • @Aaron revenue bills must originate in the house, other than that types aren't meaningful. – user9389 Jan 19 '18 at 22:37
  • @aaron: Not entirely: If the executive or judicial branches oppose a bill on the basis not of disagreement but that it violates the Constitution, the amendment process would be needed to push it through, which requires not only a supermajority in Congress but also ratification by the states. – Ben Voigt Jan 21 '18 at 15:11
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    @BenVoigt: an Act of Congress is assumed to be constitutional unless and until the Supreme Court rules otherwise. If the court strikes down all or part of an act, then the government could attempt to get new legislation through Congress to get around that, or go down the lengthy path of a constitutional amendment. – Steve Melnikoff Jan 22 '18 at 10:08
  • @BenVoigt If you think a broader or more detailed answer is called for make it and get some points. I read this question as asking for unambiguity rather than depth. – user9389 Jan 22 '18 at 15:10

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