During the United States federal government shutdown of 2018, a single party commanded both the White House and a majority in both houses of Congress. Under these circumstances, why is there a government shutdown? Does it mean that this party is unable to agree between its members in Congress and its President?
Does it mean that this party is unable to agree between its members in Congress and its President?
This doesn't really have anything to do with the president. Sixty votes is the threshold to invoke cloture on most votes, including this one. Trump has nothing whatsoever to do with cloture. He can neither block it nor grant it. It's entirely a Senate thing. The lack of cloture prevents the Senate from actually voting on the bill.
Anyway, if they needed to override a Donald Trump veto, the threshold is two thirds. That's sixty-seven votes out of a hundred.
Even if John McCain had voted yea (he did not vote at all, presumably for health reasons) and the five Republicans who voted against the continuing resolution had voted yea, they still would only have had fifty-six votes and they needed sixty. Democrats Doug Jones, Joe Manchin, Joe Donnelly, Heidi Heitkamp, and Claire McCaskill voted for the bill to avoid the shutdown. Jones is extremely vulnerable in 2020. The other four are up for election in 2018 in vulnerable states.
Mitch McConnell voted nay so as to be able to reintroduce the same bill later. McCain was not present for the vote; he has brain cancer and likely did not bother to attend as his vote wouldn't have mattered. I'm not sure of the specific reasons why Lindsey Graham, Rand Paul, Mike Lee, and Jeff Flake did not vote for the bill. Graham advocates a slightly different bill, so he may have voted nay so as to support the other bill.
Should this or another bill pass the Senate (and the House; this bill came from the House but any changes would need a new vote), there is no reason to think that Trump wouldn't sign it. He has expressed official approval of the bill.
Yes, (assuming that the Continuing Resolution was what the President wanted). In order for the Senate to consider the House passed Continuing Resolution, they needed 60 votes to close debate (cloture)and then could proceed to on the HR 195. The Senate Republicans were only able to marshal 45 votes, so approximately 10% of the Republicans were unwilling to agree to proceed to consideration, thereby blocking the (assumed) presidential preference. If that 10% deficit represents an inability to agree to consider HR195 - then yes.
Expanding further: The Senate Majority leader, realizing that he would need 50 to vote yea on HR 195 to pass, but could only muster 45 votes to end debate, concluded that the Continuing Resolution would fail if brought to a full Senate vote.