Currently, there is an ongoing discussion about the new Polish 'Holocaust law' and the possible whitewashing of their own past. Then I read excerpts of the text. I primarily used the translation on the Wikipedia, but for example this one from the Times of Israel is nearly identical.
The paragraph in question is Article 55a:
- [Anyone] who, in public and against the facts, ascribes to the Polish Nation or to the Polish State, responsibility or co-responsibility for Nazi crimes committed by the Third Reich, [as] defined in Article 6 of the Charter of the International Military Tribunal, Annex to the Agreement for the prosecution and punishment of the major war criminals of the European Axis, signed in London on August 8, 1945 [...], or for other offences which are crimes against peace [or] humanity or [that are] war crimes, or who otherwise grossly reduces the responsibility of the actual perpetrators of said crimes, is subject to a fine or [to] imprisonment for up to 3 years. The judgment shall be made public.
The first part of the text talks about nazi war crimes as defined in Article 6 of the Charter of the International Military Tribunal. But then there is also a part about other war crimes or crimes against humanity.
The way I read it:
Anybody who abscribes to the polish state or nation
- nazi war crimes
- other war crimes, crimes against peace, humanity
will be punished with imprisonment for up to 3 years.
Do I understand it wrong?
It seems, that it is now forbidden to accuse the Polish state of crimes against humanity in past, present and future. That is of course assuming, that the accusations are against the facts. But in the end some court in Poland can decide what are facts and what not ... especially as the Polish government is gaining control over the judicative.
And even if everything works as it should work, someone would possibly think twice before publishing something, that could give him jail time easily. It will be a huge barrier.