The Bild recently argued against political participation by foreigners in the German party SPD. It seems that one doesn't need to be a German citizen to be a member of the SPD and take part in party activities such as voting.

I have two questions:

  • Is this common among German parties, or is the SPD an outlier in this regard? (I was able to find the answer regarding memberships for the CDU (they allow it for Europeans with some restrictions) and Linke (they allow it), but not other parties like Grüne, FDP, AfD, etc).
  • Do other parties restrict political participation of party members based on their nationality (eg they can be members, but not vote on (some) party matters)?

If it's not too broad, it would also be interesting how other European parties handle this issue.

  • 2
    Maybe you would want to explicitly exclude EU residents, since they can vote and be elected at local elections. – SJuan76 Feb 23 '18 at 21:03
  • 2
    Adding to what @SJuan76 said, EU residents can also vote and be elected in European elections across the EU. – Denis de Bernardy Feb 24 '18 at 8:34
  • I personally would say that broadening the question to all political parties, or even all European parties, makes this too broad - I'd stick to German parties for now. – arboviral Mar 2 '18 at 11:31

In the UK, the two major parties are Labour and the Conservatives. The Labour party restricts membership to

...subjects/residents of The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland or citizens of Eire or other persons resident in The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland for more than one year... Labour Party Rule Book

The Conservative party has no such rule, except that

The Party is a political Party for the Nation, open to all who share its objects and values and who undertake to be bound by this Constitution. Constitution of the Conservative Party

It is common for parties to establish International organisations, such as International Labour or Conservatives Abroad to cater for foreign members and supporters.

  • It might be worth being more explicit that International Labour and Conservatives Abroad are mainly to cater for existing supporters who move or live abroad (expatriates) rather than for non-national residents of the UK. – origimbo Mar 2 '18 at 14:19

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