If no such text exists which attempts to cover the time just before the Communist Manifesto, until some time during or after the middle (1950s-70s) 20th century, then I will settle for texts which cover specific times such as the first 50 years of socialism, or the time of the Cold War.
Ludwig von Mises wrote a classic evaluation of Socialism in 1922. The title is Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis. It covers the ideas behind socialism and there is a fair amount of history contained in his work. It is a scholarly work that require real effort to get through but the reader will learn a great deal by the effort.
There is an online version of the book: http://files.libertyfund.org/files/1060/Mises_0069_EBk_v6.0.pdf
Von Mises distinguishes between the "Utopian" socialists of the nineteeth century and social democrats that would come later. His came right after the Russian revolution at a time when the Russian civil war was underway and the outcome was still in doubt. As a result he does not delve into Lenin, Trotsky, or Stalin. The Bolsheviks were almost universally opposed to all previous versions of socialism.