According to UN, is it legal for a country to be under military protection of other country? or vice versa, is it illegal to give military protection to other coutries?

Why I think it could be illegal because military protections can cause ww3, as countries would be pulled in the wars of other countries.

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    The USA offered Japan military protection at the end of the pacific WWII. "illegal" by international law has very little meaning. – user1873 Mar 20 '14 at 14:07
  • @user1873 I mean does UN support or oppose such agreements? – Registered User Mar 20 '14 at 14:09
  • "Does the UN support," what portion of it? The members of the security council, the whole body, some percentage of it? – user1873 Mar 20 '14 at 14:36
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    Do you mean mutual defense treaties? – Razie Mah Mar 20 '14 at 18:58
  • There's also mutual defense pacts, like NATO, where the US and other members are obliged to treat an attack on any member like an attack on all the members, effectively making Western Europe a de facto American protectorate. (A bit less so, nowadays). – Ask About Monica Jun 20 '19 at 23:32

This arrangement is called a "protectorate" and is used by small countries all around the world.

Some that come to mind immediately:

  • Italy has Vatican City and San Marino
  • France has Monaco and Andorra
  • the USA has the Marshall Islands, Amerocan Samoa, and several other Pacfic islands- at one time even including the Phillipines
  • the Uk has several former colonies that are now independent but still ask for British protection
  • Russia has South Ossetia, Abkhazia, and several other disputed states. Apparently, Crimea just joined that list on Saturday, at least by its own rules.

Protectorates are recognized by international law and norms, and are thus as "legal" as anything in international law. Indeed, the fact that the UN recognizes this arrangement can be proven by the fact that East Timor (Timor-Leste) was itself a protectorate [under UN auspices from 1999 - 2002.

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  • Thanks.But I want to know if UN supports this or not? – Registered User Mar 20 '14 at 15:00
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    AFAIK the UN doesn't have a blanket opinion on the issue @AdityaPatil. And why would it? It really isn't the UN's job to decide how countries will protect themselves or what relationships they'll have with other countries, unless there's a clear violation of international law. – yannis Mar 20 '14 at 18:46
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    @AdityaPatil Answer updated to show that the UN supports this. – Affable Geek Mar 20 '14 at 19:23
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    And, why the downvote? – Affable Geek Mar 20 '14 at 19:23
  • Because annexation is absolutely NOT amicable protectorates!!! And it is very illegal! And prohibited by the Geneva Convention specifically. – Razie Mah Mar 21 '14 at 2:08

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