In order to compete in the Eurovision Song Contest, a country has to be a member of the European Broadcasting Union, which requires being within the European Broadcasting Area, or being a member of the Council of Europe. Since Australia is not in the European Broadcasting Area, it can't join that union. But can it join the Council of Europe?
Wikipedia says the following about the Council of Europe:
Article 4 of the Council of Europe Statute specifies that membership is open to any "European" State. This has been interpreted liberally from the beginning (when Turkey was admitted) to include any Eurasian state with a toe-hold in Europe.
The following seems to be the relevant article
Any European State which is deemed to be able and willing to fulfil the provisions of Article 3 may be invited to become a member of the Council of Europe by the Committee of Ministers. Any State so invited shall become a member on the deposit on its behalf with the Secretary General of an instrument of accession to the present Statute.
Does "European" mean a country that is geographically in Europe, or can European cultural heritage make a country "European"? Has there been any statements on how the term "European" should be interpreted?