Where can I find a scatter plot of welfare spending (per capita, % of spending, or % of GDP) vs. immigrant rate (per capita, or % of population)? By state or by country would be fine. I tried to search, but came up empty:

welfare spending vs immigrant rate scatter plot

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    Why should anyone else care about this plot, particularly here? What question are you actually trying to answer with it? Jul 21, 2018 at 3:01
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    I want to see if there is any correlation. This is definitely on topic.
    – Chloe
    Jul 21, 2018 at 15:06
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    Asking about the relationship between welfare spending and immigration might be on topic (if it's not formulated too broadly). Asking about data to proof your point isn't. You might try opendata.SE (I'm not familiar with them, but their help page sounds fitting).
    – tim
    Jul 21, 2018 at 19:53
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    Both statistics are easily available separately. If you want to compare them, put them in an Xcel spreadsheet and make your own scatterplot.
    – ohwilleke
    Jul 21, 2018 at 23:10
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    @Chloe, The downvotes (I assume) are because asking to find a scatter plot is of no value to most people. A better question would be is there a correlation between welfare spending and immigrant rate (I don't know what that last term means.) Perhaps you want to know how much does an average immigrant receive in welfare payments? Or how much money does an immigrant receive when coming to the country? Unless I'm missing the real point of your query. And if I am then that shows you the question needs improvement.
    – CramerTV
    Jul 25, 2018 at 23:24

2 Answers 2


If you're looking into the "welfare magnet hypothesis", there are plenty of papers, e.g. this has a reasonably close plot what you ask for:

enter image description here

with the commentary

An essentially null effect also emerges when looking at spending on unemployment benefits as a percentage of GDP [7]. Data from 19 EU countries for the period 1998–2008 show a small positive association between spending on unemployment benefits and immigration flows for immigrants from non-EU origins (see Figure 2). But the effect was essentially zero after taking into account that immigration itself affects the level of public expenditure. Factors such as income, unemployment rates, and the presence of previous immigrants in the receiving country were instead the major determinants of immigration flows.


Here is a more complete answer which includes all types of welfare, not just unemployment benefits, and 50 data points, not just a dozen. It also has a trend line which shows no correlation.

welfare spending vs. immigrant rate by state

Source Data ODS Sheet

https://cis.org/sites/cis.org/files/immigrant-profile_0.pdf, https://cis.org/Report/Immigrants-United-States
http://www.pewhispanic.org/interactives/unauthorized-immigrants/map/population-share/ (not used)

  • I guess you were looking for US-only, but you didn't specify that in your question in any way. Jul 27, 2018 at 7:11
  • @Fizz Wasn't looking for US-only. "By state or by country would be fine."
    – Chloe
    Jul 27, 2018 at 15:05

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