A Star Print is just a corrected version of a bill.
Star prints are corrected editions of Congressional publications identifiable by stars printed at the lower left-hand corner of their title pages or covers. Sometimes the words 'star print' also appears adjacent to the star. Star prints take precedence over the original print of a report or document. 1
Star Prints: If there is an error in the original text of an enrolled bill, an amended text called a "Star Print" will be published. The Star Print supersedes the original. 2
If you compare the actual text of each version (original, star print), you'll see that the major difference is more co-sponsors and the results of the committee ("Reported by Mr. MCCAIN, without amendment"). It's possible there were typos or other minor fixes I didn't catch, but the fact they issued an updated version of it doesn't have anything to do with whether or not it died.
As for this specific bill, as of December 2005, it was still on the calendar as item 183. A year later... still there. So the congressional session expired without it ever coming up for a vote.
I'm pretty sure this is not unusual, but there's no way to tell why.