I think the answer is yes. There may in fact be polls supporting this, but they are typically highly slanted ones. In interpreting such polls, one really should consider the source and methods. With that said, I'll cite a recent (2018) poll, and reiterate the one non-partisan conclusion:
A new Rasmussen Reports national telephone and online survey finds that 54% of Likely U.S. Voters now say they do not trust the political news they are getting, up from last June’s previous high of 46%.
(Note that the sampling methodology used by Rasmussen Reports is questionable, and may in some locations be illegal because of the use of pre-prerecorded automated dialing. )
The quoted statement itself seems like political news! If we agree to accept the base non-partisan statistic, fine. But speculation as to why this is true doesn't serve to answer the question. A more productive approach to the question may be through classic philosophy (or even a bit of humor.)
In philosophy the ordering of events would fall under the heading of causality. While the general population may not know it by that term, it seems clear that it's been discussed for thousands of years. It seems generally accepted that an event has many causes, and all lie in its past.
Any discussion of causation requires a leap of intuition, but not a giant leap. It seems generally understood that effect cannot occur before cause. Anything else is generally considered in the realm of science fiction.
As to any specific economic assertion made, the maxim that correlation does not imply causation may be lesser known. Arguments otherwise are sometimes emotionally convincing, but are one of the long recognized logical fallacy: post hoc ergo propter hoc (Latin for "after this, therefore because of this.")
The general public in the US does not seem to study formal logic, and politicians make illogical statements frequently. But that doesn't mean the populous trusts the statements of politicians.
The common understanding of this is probably best reflected by more informal statements like "How do you tell when a politician is lying? (His lips are moving.)"