Are refugees granted asylum in Germany afforded any rights of citizenship?
I understand the citizenship process for Germany takes around eight years. Do they have any rights to travel within the EU during this time?
While I do not share your notion that the right to travel to other countries can be qualified as a "right of citizenship" (because there are people who are not citizens who have the same rights), people granted asylum status can travel freely within the Schengen Area, Ireland and Romania.
People granted the Refugee Travel Document(the "Blue Passport) can travel without visa to:
Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland*, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein*, Litvania, Luxemburg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway*, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland*, Slovakia, Slovania, Spain, the Czech Republic, and Hungary (Schengen States) as well as Ireland and Romania. The latter two are not among the Schengen States; nevertheless, they are Contracting States of the above-mentioned agreement on EU-wide visa abolition for recognised refugees
The "Blue Passport" can also be used to travel to any country that grants its holder a visa.
Do they have any rights to travel within the EU during this time?
Yes. Article 28 of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees states:
- The Contracting States shall issue to refugees lawfully staying in their territory travel documents for the purpose of travel outside their territory, unless compelling reasons of national security or public order otherwise require, and the provisions of the Schedule to this Convention shall apply with respect to such documents. The Contracting States may issue such a travel document to any other refugee in their territory; they shall in particular give sympathetic consideration to the issue of such a travel document to refugees in their territory who are unable to obtain a travel document from the country of their lawful residence.
- Travel documents issued to refugees under previous international agreements by parties thereto shall be recognized and treated by the Contracting States in the same way as if they had been issued pursuant to this article.