From a raw numbers perspective. China and India account collectively for roughly 35% of the world's population. So just from a raw numbers perspective, in terms of potential applicants the "line" into the US will likely have a lot of Chinese and Indian applicants.
All things being equal, if the queue to enter the US was open to all and all got in line, then about one third of the line would be Chinese / Indian.
However, it's not just a matter of getting in line, but also of need and ability to contribute. The US has a lot of guidelines which decide if someone enters the US or not.
One point to note:
The United States provides various ways for immigrants with valuable skills to come to the country on either a permanent or a temporary basis.
This is important because not all applicants and nations are equal. So, maybe educational spending might indicate whether a person is more employable.
Maybe it's more about the TYPE of education, in which case: Yes China and India will likely definitely fill the front of the queue.
It might very well be the case that indeed there will be a lot of Chinese and Indian immigrants.
Indian applicants also have the additional advantage of being one of the most populous English speaking countries on the planet.
So Indians in particular have a good education, marketable skills and speak english. If a country like the US is in need of skilled workers, then Indians and Chinese will likely be the most successful in trying to emigrate from their homelands. Science and Technology drive wealthy economies, it's inevitable that the US will want skilled labor from abroad if it can't get it at home.