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According to a paper on the definition of democracy:

The simplest definition of democracy has been given by Karl Popper: a system that makes it possible to get rid of a government without spilling blood. This definition may be a little too restrictive, and perhaps it is laconic rather than simple. Its implications, in fact, are really rather complex.

Is there a list that shows the last time each country had a peaceful transition of government? E.g. for the US that date would be November 2016, while for Russia it would be sometime in 1991.

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    "Get rid of a government" seems a little vague. It seems the US has had the same government since about 1788. Not that I'm complaining. Whether we could replace our current system of government without spilling blood remains to be seen. – James Oct 30 '18 at 11:31
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    @James: note that "government" is sometimes used as a synonym of "administration" or "decision makers" or "executives", especially outside of AmEnglish. In a Westminster-style parliament the executive is part of the legislature, so a leader being voted out of office is not necessary for a transfer of power to take place. The American Executive changed in November 2016, the Legislature has a slight turnover (~10-15% of House elections defeat an incumbent and a higher percentage of Senate elections) on a biannual basis, and the judiciary is appointed. – sharur Oct 30 '18 at 21:20
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    @James the American President (who is the most powerful person in the US government) changes every 4-8 years without a break and is often opposed by his predecessor. In contrast, the Russian Presidency has been perfectly stable since 1991. – JonathanReez Oct 30 '18 at 21:27
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    I don't think this can be objectively answered. Consider the UK. When was the last peaceful transition? Brown->Cameron/Clegg coalition in 2010? Coalition->Conservative (but keeping same PM) in 2015? Cameron->May (without a general election) in 2016? The last General election (which resulted in a minority government) in 2017? Or, since the UK has a cabinet govnerment, was it the last time the cabinet changed? Or was it 1688 and the Glorious Revolution? – James K Dec 15 '18 at 23:51
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    @JonathanReez: Why doesn't it count? How is it different than a US President handing over power to the next one? Especially if they happen to be of the same party. – jamesqf Dec 16 '18 at 18:23

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