In the 2018 Midterms, some very determined Georgians waited over four hours in line to vote. Every two years there are precincts that torment voters with long lines, but never mind how or why... I'm interested in comparing the relative costs of these long lines.
Specifically the relative costs for those attempting to vote. That is, if a voter spends four hours to secure a vote, that voter has obviously spent, (or been "charged" or perhaps even "taxed" by the state), more than another voter who waited 5 minutes; the four hour voter pays 48 times as much as the five minute voter.
OTOH, that leaves out the costs of those who try to vote, but can't afford to wait four hours:
Let's say another Georgian can only afford to wait 1 hour, then they must go home and feed their children. Since they don't know in advance how long the wait will be, they invest the hour, and depart without voting.
Another can afford four hours, but at 3.5 hours they hear an estimate that the line will take 5 hours, which they can't spare, so they too depart without voting.
These long wait times also have a demoralizing effect, perhaps reducing turnout in future elections.
Waiting time alone doesn't seem to be a complete metric. Is there some better metric being used for situations like this that more completely assesses the costs to prospective voters and society in general?