Is a parliamentary system less likely to backslide into electoral authoritarianism than a presidential system just because of the PM being accountable to the legislature and the ease of a no confidence vote compared to impeachment?

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    I'm not sure how to answer this question, but I know one relevant example: Erdogan has recently moved Turkey from a parliamentary to a presidential executive in order to cement his power. I take that to indicate that he felt being president was better than being PM for an authoritarian leader. – Thomas Nov 14 at 21:48
  • Hitler came to power in a parliamentary system but became President as well as Chancellor following a 1934 referendum. I'm not sure if this supports or opposes the OP's conjecture. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_referendum,_1934 – Stuart F Nov 15 at 11:45
  • @StuartF Rather a “referendum” than a referendum. There was widespread intimidation and fraud, and cannot be considered as democratic. By the time of the “referendum”, the backsliding had already happened. – gerrit Nov 15 at 14:33
  • Does this question fit better on History? – gerrit Nov 15 at 14:34
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    @gerrit as asked, I don't think this question fits better on History. It's a theoretical question; historical evidence may be useful for considering different hypotheses, but the question itself is fairly abstract. – phoog Nov 15 at 16:20

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