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I've heard about pan-Mongolism from time to time, such as this facebook post from Mongolia Live, and there's a Wikipedia article on it.

Assuming that Russia and China were willing to give up that land (after all, they aren't very nationalistic, aggressive in seeking and retaining territory, have powerful armies, nor are they ruthless towards minorities), I don't see how it'd work from a demographics perspective.

Inner Mongolia in China has ethnic Mongols in the minority. Unless I've done my sums wrong, if the areas in Inner Mongolia, present-day Mongolia, plus the Mongolian parts of Russia were combined (one possible pan-Mongolian state mentioned in the Wikipedia article), Han Chinese would form a majority, leaving ethnic Mongols in a minority: Inner Mongolia had 19,650,687 Han Chinese out of 24,706,321, Tuva has a total population of 307,930, the Altay Republic has a total population of 206,168, Buryatia has a total population of 972,021, and present day Mongolia has a total population of 3,081,677.

As far as I can tell, it's not possible to be one state, predominantly controlled by ethnic Mongols, and democratic. (Kind of like John Kerry's comments about Israel) What approaches have present-day pan-Mongolians advocated for this demographic issue?

  • Note: Some approaches to this issue would be grossly morally reprehensible, and illegal under international law. Asking this question is not meant as an endorsement of those approaches. – Andrew Grimm Jan 6 '19 at 10:11
  • Is there any evidence they care about being "democratic"? Last I checked, the original "greater Mongolia" wasn't very big on democracy. – user4012 Jan 7 '19 at 14:01
  • @user4012 I’m not aware of Mongol privilege existing in the Mongol empire, but I’ll have to check. Serious answer: modern day Mongolia, the status quo, is a democracy, and gives minorities equal legal rights. – Andrew Grimm Jan 7 '19 at 19:52
  • Please tell me that the part about nationalistic, aggressive, and ruthless is sarcasm. – pipe Jan 8 '19 at 12:26
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    @pipe it comes after "Assuming that Russia and China were willing to give up that land", which is approximately as likely as "Assuming we have flying pigs" – Caleth Jan 8 '19 at 13:24

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