I am reading an article in a leading newspaper of India, in which the author says:
As per the India Human Development Index ( IHDS ), the annual household incomes of 98% of households are less than ₹8 lakh. Even if we apply all the other criteria for exclusion ( e.g. amount of land owned and size of home ), the Bill would still cover over 95% of the households. So who are we excluding ? Almost no one.
While the benefits of the EWS quota are likely to be minimal, the cost may be higher than one anticipates. First, it is important to remember that General category jobs are open to everyone, Scheduled Caste ( SC ), Scheduled Tribe ( ST ) and Other Backward Class ( OBC ) individuals. Thus, by removing 10% jobs from the “open” category, it reduces the opportunities for currently reserved groups.
My question is that firstly, the author says that 95% of Indian households are covered under the EWS quota and there is a question mark on the exclusion and later she says that 10% quota is eating into the jobs of the reserved categories. If there is a doubt on the exclusion factor then how is it interfering with the quota of currently reserved categories ?