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I have read that China considers the Taiwan Straits to be its "sovereign territory" which differs from international law that defines bodies of waters 12 miles or more offshore as international waters open to all.

Is China's claim merely words, or do they interfere with merchant shipping passing through the straits? By "interference" I mean: (1) stopping vessels with warships and boarding them and inspecting them, (2) requiring vessels to get permission to pass through the straits, (3) requiring vessels to identify themselves, and/or contact Chinese authorities to be able to pass through the strait, (4) forbidding vessels of particular countries to pass through the straits.

  • IIRC, in practice, China considers the Taiwan Strait to be de facto international waters. – xuq01 Jan 16 '19 at 7:49
  • I'm not sure about any incidents with commercial shipping, but they do take offense at some military ships, most recently at France's. They didn't quite require the ship to withdraw, but punished France afterwards and deemed the warship's passage "illegal". reuters.com/article/us-taiwan-france-warship-china-exclusive/… – Fizz Nov 17 '19 at 17:17
  • Actually Canada the US have done that more recently as well theglobeandmail.com/politics/… – Fizz Nov 17 '19 at 17:26

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