Currently, it appears that around 25% of the US government is shutdown. To the best of my understanding, this is because different departments funding expires at different times. What does the timeline, both in terms of departments and percentage of government by spending, look like going forward as to department shutdowns?

1 Answer 1


Congress has passed H.R5895 and H.R6157 with Fiscal Year 2019 (FY19) appropriations for these departments. Both bills are signed into law by President Trump.

  • Department of Energy (funded by H.R.5895)
  • Department of Veterans Affairs (funded by H.R.5895)
  • Department of Defense (funded by H.R.6157)
  • Department of Labor (funded by H.R.6157)
  • Department of Health and Human Services (funded by H.R.6157)
  • Department of Education (funded by H.R.6157)

The federal government’s fiscal year begins on October 1 every year, per the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974. Thus, the funding for these departments will expire on September 30, 2019.

For reference, these are the departments currently shut down, due to a lack of appropriations:

  • Department of the Treasury
  • Department of Agriculture
  • Department of Homeland Security
  • Department of the Interior
  • Department of State
  • Department of Housing and Urban Development
  • Department of Transportation
  • Department of Commerce
  • Department of Justice
  • Do the departments listed above, and those currently shut down make up the entirety of the federal government than? Or are there any more between now and October that risk not getting funded?
    – spmoose
    Jan 20, 2019 at 2:05
  • You say Congress has passed those bills (and imply that they're law, which I believe they are), but it's worth also noting whether or not Trump has signed them. After all, the current Congress may pass bills which he vetos.
    – Bobson
    Jan 20, 2019 at 2:06
  • 1
    @spmoose There are some exceptions where agencies are funded directly. Funding for these agencies may expire but are more complicated. However, generally, departments are funded as a whole. See this answer for an example on NBIB and this answer for an explanation.
    – Panda
    Jan 20, 2019 at 2:11
  • 1
    @Bobson Good call, I’ve included the note.
    – Panda
    Jan 20, 2019 at 2:13
  • I had actually been about to post a question about which parts of the government aren't shut down, because I keep seeing references to a partial shutdown but such-and-such is closed. Now it makes sense.
    – Bobson
    Jan 20, 2019 at 2:25

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