UK favorability of Brexit over time
YouGov has published 60 polls about Brexit approval over the course of more than 2 years.
- In the earliest poll, the leave vote was about 1 percentage point higher than the remain vote.
- In a poll from over 1 year ago, people responded that the UK was right to leave at about 1 percentage point higher than responding that it was wrong to leave.
- In a poll from 6 months ago, 53% of respondents stated that they want to remain, compared to 47% that want to leave.
- In the latest poll, 56% of respondents stated that they would like to remain in the EU, compared to 44% stating that they would like to leave.
It seems that in the past year or so, more people are increasingly switching from a Leave preference to a Remain preference. This might be due to increasing awareness that Russia conducted an information warfare campaign to influence the initial Brexit vote. Or it might be due to increasing awareness that there will be financial and institutional consequences to leaving the EU.
EU Members' approval of the EU over time
The following article from the polling website pewglobal suggests that EU Member approval of the EU has increased since Brexit. As you will see in the graphic, many member nations' approval of the EU has increased since Brexit, except for Italy.
I would conclude that Euroskepticism has clearly declined throughout the EU since Brexit, except in Italy.
Euroskepticism in Italy
This politico article states that younger generations in the EU perceive the EU more favorably than older generations; and that it is the reverse in Italy. Italy has had economic stagnation and political crisis throughout the twenty-first century, and poor employment prospects for younger workers. Italy is also affected greater by the EU policy of asylum seekers settling into the first safe country they enter. These are apparently reasons why younger Italians are more Euroskeptic than older Italians. This article says that...
- Italians under age 45 prefer 46% to Remain and 51% to Leave.
- Italians age 45+ prefer 68% to Remain and 26% to Leave.