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There are news reports that a Thai princess is to run for Prime Minister in the upcoming Thai elections (e.g. see here). This has been titled as a political earthquake. This article states:

The Thai monarchy, a revered institution shielded from criticism by a strict lèse-majesté law, has traditionally been seen as above the political fray, although royals have intervened in moments of political crisis.

I wonder whether any member of the British royal family has ever been a candidate for Prime Minister in the UK? It is well known that the Queen (or King) is supposed to be (or seen as) neutral in political affairs. But what about other royal members? I can't find anything on the Wikipedia page dedicated to the monarchy of the UK.

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    In the UK, members of the cabinet are also members of parliament -- that is, it's a prerequisite to become a PM or other member of the cabinet. And the UK doesn't have PM elections; while it's typically clear who will be the PM depending which party gets the majority, that person still needs to win the district they're running in. – Abigail Feb 8 at 11:27
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    @Abigail although it's only a modern convention that the PM has to be in the House of Commons, rather than the House of Lords. Having said that, some political parties' constitutions now positively require their leaders to be MPs. – origimbo Feb 8 at 12:12
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    Loosely related: at least two members of European royal families whose countries abolished their monarchies have gone into politics: Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha was Tsar of Bulgaria as a child, and later became Prime Minister of Bulgaria; and Otto von Habsburg was the Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary, and later became a Member of the European Parliament. – Steve Melnikoff Feb 9 at 16:14
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No, this has never happened. The reasons for that have evolved over time.

It might have been possible for a member of the Royal Family to become a Prime Minister sitting in the Lords during the eighteenth century, but it would certainly have been highly controversial and did not occur.

Since at least the early nineteenth century, it would have been viewed as a breach of the monarch's political neutrality for one of their family members to be a member of the Government, even more so if they were its leader.

It is traditional for mature male members of the royal family to receive peerages. Until 1999, this made them members of the House of Lords, and thus unable to be elected to the Commons. Thus, they could not have become Prime Minister since it became necessary for the PM to sit in the Commons at the beginning of the twentieth century.

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