As far as I'm aware Communism is supposed to be a "dictatorship of the proletariat" and something that is by and for the people. So why doesn't the Chinese Communist Party, and similar ruling parties in other countries, try to induct everyone into the party? I'm surprised that they don't because I imagine having everyone in the party would, from their perspective, have great propaganda value.
If everybody was inducted into the Chinese Communist Party, then "ordinary" party membership would become meaningless. One would have to look how high a member stands in the party hierarchy to find out if they are important. As it stands, the party can discipline members with the threat of expulsion, and reward non-members with admission.
The questions is wrong in a number of assumptions:
- the assumption that “the people” and “the proletariat” are identical in China
- the assumption that the CCP stands for (at a minimum “the immediate) development of communism
The people has a long standing meaning in post 1789 politics. It is a cross class descriptor of a unitary nation. The proletariat, on the other hand, are wage labourers in a relationship with capital. While the CCP recruits non-workers as well as workers, recruiting the entire population would not necessarily advance proletarian interests.
Secondly the idea that the CCP concretely and in our lifetimes aims to achieve the working class’ self-abolition and the supercession of capitalist relationships is naïve and dubious.
Within the theories the CCP uses party membership is an exclusive obligation that not all people are capable of.
It seems that you are thinking that the Chinese citizens are mindless individuals such that when the CCP orders every Chinese citizen to be inducted into the party, the Chinese citizens will do so willingly and without objection.
The fact is that although CCP rules China, and that there is an absence of Western democracy in China, the CCP still has to answer to the people and rule legitimately. It needs to make the right policies and decisions so the people will allow its ruling to continue.
Being inducted into the CCP means that one will have to carry additional responsibilities of the party and not every Chinese citizen is ok with that. If the CCP inducts everyone into the party, there will be social resistances that may lead to uprisings. The CCP will of course not risk that. It needs to maintain its legitimacy of its ruling.
Right now it is doing a good job of bringing rapid economical and social development to the Chinese people. Which is why the Chinese are happy for it to rule. But once the CCP starts to do insensible things like inducting everyone into the party, the people will respond. And the CCP will not want that to happen.
Party membership comes with responsibilities as well as privileges. Members are expected to put in the effort. Not every person has the desire nor the time to be usefully active in government. Westerners have been sold on the idea of universal suffrage, but in truth getting every half-informed layperson involved in politics is a bad idea that turns government into a circus.
Another reason is that if the government has an ideological bias, it helps to place a filter on those who are politically active so that this ideological bias is preserved, as well as to place higher standards on their behavior.