I am interested in the actual power the French president has to bypass the parliament to issue a decree. Which control mechanisms do exist on parliament side? And what is the possible content of such a decree? Is it comparable to a law?
I stumbled upon this article which says:
Le Parisien newspaper noted that some 85 laws have been published by decree in France between 1984 and 2013 alone, including by the last two presidents Francois Hollande and Nicolas Sarkozy. However, while passing laws by decree may skip Parliament in some stages, it still needs to be involved in the procedure. "Essentially, you have to ask Parliament for permission to do it in the first place, then Parliament must sign it to allow it to pass at the end," Lecerf explained. So in other words, Parliament needs to give the green light, but won't be involved in the dialogue.
However the precise mechanism remains unclear to me. What are those "some stages"? And where are the benefits for such decrees if "Parliament must sign it to allow it to pass at the end"?