According to the US Constitution, Article II, Section 1,
Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.
There is plenty of information floating around on what the Electoral College does, what it does not do, and various reasons for and against having one in the first place. I'm not asking about that.
How does an individual US citizen reach for and achieve nomination to the Electoral College? According to the quote from the Constitution above, it seems that all that is Constitutionally required is to be appointed by one's state and not be per se disqualified, but I'm interested in the actual practical political process used today.
Generally (in the 21st century), what sort of accomplishments, skills, political clout, qualifications, etc. are required for an individual US citizen to secure an appointment to the Electoral College? Is this primarily a political patronage appointment (i.e. you have to know someone)? Is there a competitive exam process (e.g. a literacy test, Constitutional Law test)? Is interest in participation so low that virtually anyone who applies and meets the basic qualifications is able to get in?
I'm not asking about the basic legal qualifications for appointment to the Electoral College - those are given in the Constitution. What I'm asking about is how the process actually works today, and more specifically, how an aspiring (or wannabe) Elector starts upon the road to appointment.
If this question is too broad considering that there are fifty states, we can concentrate on New York as a sample state. We could imagine a child telling a guidance counselor, "When I grow up, I want to be a member of the Electoral College!" What sort of advice would be given in that case? First become a famous Constitutional Law attorney? Get in very deep with a political party to secure a patronage recommendation? Study hard for civil service exams?