This question can't be answered as written, because a mass "present" vote is a relatively rare (although becoming more common) occurrence that is always related to the politics of the specific bill in question.
Here is an article about a "present" vote in 2013 which says:
[I]f the Democrats had voted “no”, some Republicans could have voted “yes” to position themselves as strong conservatives, knowing full well that the budget would never pass. Thus, the Democrats used a “divide-and-conquer” strategy both to try to embarrass the Republican leadership and exacerbate tensions between the conservative and the “even-more-conservative” members of the GOP Conference.
The Democrats tried this maneuver in 2011 as well. But other than that, it’s rarely used. During [the 113th] Congress, on most recorded votes, no one has voted “present”. Most of the times when there is a present vote, only one person votes that way – usually because they have declared a personal conflict of interest or to make a political point; aside from the vote in question today, only twice [in the 113th] Congress has more than one person voted present, and even then, it was only two people.
Voting present in this case was a legislative tactic. As one expert pointed out, sometimes the majority party relies on the minority party to either ensure a measure fails or succeeds. When the minority votes present en masse, they are forcing the majority party leadership to work extra hard to round up enough votes to guarantee their desired outcome.
In other words, the Democrats in 2013 voted "present" en masse in order to force the Republicans to choose between either coercing some of their members to vote for a bill which they oppose on principle (thus embarrassing them) or letting a bill fail despite a majority of Republicans wanting it to pass (thus preventing it from passing). Either way, the Democrats win: The bill fails and the Republicans blame each other (ideal) or the bill passes while the most conservative members are seen to be compromising their principles for political gain (not great, but a good consolation prize). If they had instead all actually voted against it, then the Republicans could have voted however they wanted to and it still wouldn't have passed, but they could then blame the Democrats for its failure.
There is no way to derive any of this simply from looking at the vote totals of "104 for, 132 against, 171 voting present", however.
So, given that mass "present" votes like this are inseparable from their specific situation, the Green New Deal vote has to be looked at in context. The situation here is somewhat reversed from the 2013 one in the House, but there are common threads.
This article from Vox 1 says:
Democrats predominately voted “present” on the resolution as a means of calling out Republicans, who had set up this vote to highlight potential splits in the Democratic caucus and force lawmakers to splinter from a high-profile, progressive idea.
As the thinking goes, if only part of the Democratic caucus wound up backing the idea, Republicans could argue that it didn’t actually have enough support from the party. They could also suggest that 2020 Senate Democrats — all of whom have expressed support for the proposal — weren’t actually down to follow through, if they didn’t vote in favor of it. Additionally, the move was aimed at putting Democrats from more moderate states in a tough position, forcing them to choose between backing a popular liberal idea and potentially turning off some of their constituents.
In other words, McConnell attempted to force the Democrats to go on record as either voting against their own Green New Deal, thus embarrassing them, or voting for it, which would then mean that those Democrats could be portrayed as fully supporting everything in the GND, no matter how extreme. Instead, by almost every Democrat voting "present", they are "protesting" the vote and/or the manner in which it was being taken - they are not participating in what they have called a "sham" vote.
1 NB: I am intentionally choosing a left-biased source here, in order to get a quote from the Democratic perspective.